Mission: Founded in 1989, Target Hunger works to alleviate hunger and its root causes in the Houston neighborhoods we serve. Our vision is a Houston where no one goes hungry and everyone can provide food for themselves and their families.

Target Hunger is on the front lines of hunger every day through its food distribution system that includes six food pantries, an extensive senior delivery program, educational food fairs, mobile pantry distributions, emergency food services, and two Community Gardens.

Target Hunger is one of Houston's largest organizations providing direct food assistance to food insecure children, families, and seniors who face the risk of going hungry every day. In 2020, Target Hunger distributed food to nearly 31,000 unduplicated individuals, a more than 50% increase over the amount of people that were served in 2019.

Target Hunger is a 501(c)(3) organization, with an IRS ruling year of 1997, and donations are tax-deductible.

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Contact Information

  http://www.targethunger.org

 1260 Shotwell Street
Houston TX 77020 

  832-767-1677


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Star Rating System by Charity Navigator


Charity Navigator evaluates a nonprofit organization’s financial health including measures of stability, efficiency and sustainability. We also track accountability and transparency policies to ensure the good governance and integrity of the organization.




Good

This charity's score is 83.84, earning it a 3-Star rating. Donors can "Give with Confidence" to this charity. 

This score is calculated from two sub-scores:

This score represents Form 990 data from 2019, the latest year published by the IRS.

View this organization’s historical ratings.


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Star Rated Report

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Program Expense

Program Expense Ratio

93.8%


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three 990s).


This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Administrative Expenses

3.0%


As reported by charities on their IRS Form 990, this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Expenses

3.0%


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Liabilities to Assets Ratio

24.3%


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent 990).


Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Efficiency

$0.02


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Working Capital Ratio

0.12 years


Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form 990. We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Program Expense Growth

-10.52%


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.


Source: IRS Form 990

Governance


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990 that the organization has these governance practices in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990

Governance:
Independent Voting Board Members  ... (More)
No Material Diversion of Assets ... (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms 990 to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form 990 instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form 990 to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant ... (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form 990 reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties ... (More)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes ... (More)
Distributes 990 to Board Before Filing ... (More)
Compensates Board ... (More)

Policies


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Policies:
Conflict of Interest  ... (More)
Whistleblower ... (More)
Records Retention and Destruction ... (More)
CEO Compensation Process ... (More)
Donor Privacy ... (More)

Donors have expressed extreme concern about the use of their personal information by charities and the desire to have this information kept confidential. The exchanging and sale of lists for telemarketing and the mass distribution of "junk mail," among other things, can be minimized if the charity assures the privacy of its donors. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.

(Less)

Transparency


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Transparency:
CEO Salary Listed on 990 ... (More)
Board of Directors Listed on Website ... (More)
Key Staff Listed on Website ... (More)
Audited Financial Statements on Website ... (More)
Form 990 Available on Website ... (More)

Additional Information

Unscored

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Total Revenue and Expenses

Total Revenue and Expenses

This chart displays the trend of revenue and expenses over the past several years for this organization, as reported on their IRS Form 990.

Salary of Key Persons

Presented here are this organizations key compensated staff members as identified by our analysts. This compensation data includes salary, cash bonuses and expense accounts and is displayed exactly how it is reported to the IRS. The amounts do not include nontaxable benefits, deferred compensation, or other amounts not reported on W-2. In some cases, these amounts may include compensation from related organizations. Read the IRS policies for compensation reporting



Sandra Wicoff, CEO

$109,086 (1.85% of Total Expenses)


Source: IRS Form 990 (page 7), filing year 2019

Business Master File Data

Below are some key data points from the Exempt Organization IRS Business Master File (BMF) for this organization. Learn more about the BMF on the IRS website


Activities:

Described in section 170(b)1)(a)(vi) of the Code (BMF activity code: 994)

Supplying money, goods or services to the poor (BMF activity code: 560)


Foundation Status:

Organization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public   170(b)(1)(A)(vi) (BMF foundation code: 15)


Affiliation:

Independent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations). (BMF affiliation code: 3)

Data Sources: IRS Forms 990

The Form 990 is a document that nonprofit organizations file with the IRS annually. We leverage finance and accountability data from it to form Encompass ratings. Click here to view this organization's Forms 990 on the IRS website (if any are available).

Pandemic Response

Due to the unprecedented nature of the pandemic, we give charities such as this one the opportunity to share the story of COVID's impact on them. Charities may submit their own pandemic responses through their nonprofit portal.


Target Hunger reported being impacted by COVID-19 in the following ways:
  • Program Delivery

  • Staffing

  • Administrative Capacity


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's operations financially:

In 2020 food insecurity was top of mind and we benefited from generous support, much of which was one-time in nature for emergency COVID-19 relief, including a PPP loan. In terms of expenses, our budget is higher because of hiring additional contract workers to keep up with the growing need for food assistance, salary adjustments to adopt a livable wage for our own employees, coupled with capacity building by adding two much-needed staff positions.


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's delivery of programs:

Target Hunger has operated continuously since the pandemic began. In March 2020, all program operations were converted to contactless methods including Drive-thru Disaster Distributions and Home Delivery. In July 2021, Target Hunger reopened pantries with modifications.


How this organization adapted to changing conditions caused by COVID-19:

Drive-thru Disaster Distributions with food loaded into car trunks for the health and safety of staff, volunteers, and clients. The disaster distributions are scheduled a few times a week throughout the service area and serve up to 300 households at each event. Home Delivery to Seniors has continued with modification as the driver no longer goes into homes, but rather leaves the food outside the door and contacts the seniors when the food has been delivered. Additionally, Target Hunger has begun serving families by home delivery Navigation Services via Phone Calls was added in response to COVID-19 and the growing isolation experienced by many seniors. Target Hunger has hired a Navigation Specialist who contacts all the seniors by phone and offers friendly, helpful advice about critically needed resources and services.


Innovations the organization intends to continue permanently after the pandemic:

Navigation Services will continue to be expanded to anyone that seeks out assistance from Target Hunger. We believe this is an essential component of our programing to help lift people about of poverty by giving them access to resources and education opportunities.


Historical Ratings

Date PublishedForm 990 FYEOverall ScoreOverall Rating
Rating Version: 2.1
8/3/20212019 83.84
6/1/20212019 83.11

This organization received multiple star ratings within this fiscal year, due to an update to it's Accountability and Transparency data and/or the receipt of an amended Form 990.

10/1/20202018 89.50
5/1/20202018 88.22
5/1/20192017 83.45
4/1/20182016 83.11
7/1/20172015 82.29
6/1/20162014 89.86
Rating Version: 2.0
7/1/20152013 95.24
8/1/20142012 97.97
11/1/20132011 81.70
8/1/20132011 81.48
3/1/20122010 81.20
9/20/20112009 83.91
Rating Version: 1.0
3/1/20112009 94.22
4/1/20102008 85.39
3/1/20092007 78.95
4/1/20082006 88.55
2/1/20072005 88.93
2/1/20062004 91.44
12/1/20042003 81.67

...   Impact & Results


This score estimates the actual impact a nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact.


Impact & Results Score

100

out of 100

Target Hunger is , earning a passing score.


Impact

$1 provides a meal to a person in need.



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Impact & Results Report

100

of 100 points


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Rated Program

Rated Program


Program

Commodity Food Pantries, Commodity Food Fairs, Senior Home Delivery Program and Senior Day Site Program

Activities

The nonprofit primarily collects, warehouses and distributes food to front-line organizations like food pantries and soup kitchens. It also manages smaller programs that provide groceries directly to beneficiaries.

Program Type

Beneficiaries Served

Program Geography

Time Period of Data


Learn how we assess the impact of nonprofits

Outcomes and Cost

Outcomes: Changes in the lives of those served by a nonprofit. They can be caused by the nonprofit.

Costs: The money spent by a nonprofit and its partners and beneficiaries.

Impact: Outcome caused by a nonprofit relative to its cost.

Cost-effectiveness: A judgment as to whether the cost was a good use of resources to cause the outcome.


Outcome Metric


Outcome Data Source

Ratings are based on data the nonprofit itself collects on its work. We use the most recent year with sufficient data. Typically, this data allows us to calculate direct changes in participants' lives, such as increased income.


Outcome data collected during the program. The nonprofit publicly reports the amount of food it provides.


Method for Attributing Outcomes

We don't know if the observed changes were caused by the nonprofit's program or something else happening at the same time (e.g., a participant got a raise). To determine causation, we take the outcomes we observe and subtract an estimate of the outcomes that would have happened even without the program (i.e., counterfactual outcomes).


We assume that the distribution of a meal from one nonprofit's food distribution program does not diminish the amount of food distributed by any other (neighboring) food distribution program. This “counterfactual” assumption about the amount of food distributed in the absence of the nonprofit’s food distribution program implies that the benefit of a meal to a beneficiary in need constitutes a net gain; the gain is not offset by reductions in food provided to other beneficiaries in need. We therefore set the counterfactual to zero.


Cost Data Source

After estimating the program's outcomes, we need to determine how much it cost to achieve those outcomes. All monetary costs are counted, whether they are borne by a nonprofit service deliverer or by the nonprofit’s public and private partners.


Program cost data reported by the nonprofit. Partner and beneficiary costs reported by the nonprofit or estimated by Charity Navigator.


Impact and Determination

We calculate impact, defined as the change in outcomes attributable to a program divided by the cost to achieve those outcomes.

Impact Statement

$1 provides a meal to a person in need.

Benchmark for Rating

Impact & Results scores of food distribution programs are based on the cost of a meal relative to the cost that a food-secure person incurs to buy a meal in that county. Programs receive an Impact & Results score of 100 if they are less than 75% the cost of a meal and a score of 75 if they are less than 125%. If a nonprofit reports impact but doesn't meet the threshold for cost-effectiveness, it earns a score of 50.

Determination

Nonprofit Comment

Before publishing, we ask every nonprofit we can to review our work, offer corrections and provide a comment.


This nonprofit did not provide a comment

Analysis Details


Analysis conducted by ImpactMatters and published on November 22, 2019.

Additional Information

Unscored

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Largest Programs

Largest Programs



Target Hunger reported its two largest programs on its FY 2019 Form 990 as:


$5,338,805

Spent in most recent FY

98%

Percent of program expenses


Food Services: Target Hunger distributed 1.8 million meals to more than 20,000 individuals in need in 2019. Target Hungers food assistance programs and services are provided to individuals and familie ... (More)


$90,847

Spent in most recent FY

1%

Percent of program expenses


Community Garden: Target Hunger staff, volunteers and community members tend a two acre, 100 bed organic garden located at 4604 Cavalcade Street in Kashmere Gardens, 77026. More than 6,000 pounds of f ... (More)


...   Leadership & Adaptability


This score provides an assessment of the organization's leadership capacity, strategic thinking and planning, and ability to innovate or respond to changes in constituent demand/need or other relevant social and economic conditions to achieve the organization's mission.


Leadership & Adaptability Score

100

out of 100

The score earned by Target Hunger is a passing score.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of the organization's Leadership & Adaptability through the nonprofit organization submitting a survey response directly to Charity Navigator.


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Leadership & Adaptability Report

100

of 100 points

Mission

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s mission


For over 32 years, Target Hunger has carried out its mission to alleviate hunger and its root causes in Houston. Target Hunger programs address two critical needs, immediate food aid and the systemic, underlying causes of poverty that lead to food insecurity. Programs that offer immediate food aid include: Food Pantries, Emergency Food Assistance, Educational Food Fairs, Home Delivery Programs, and Summer Youth Breakfast & Lunch Program. While people will always face periodic crises that drive them to seek short-term help, unless we address the complex conditions that turn food insecurity into a chronic condition, we will never be able to help clients achieve long-term self sufficiency. Target Hunger’s Navigation Services program connects clients to a wide range of programs, like federal meal and healthcare assistance, utility and rental assistance, financial counseling, healthcare providers, and more.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Vision

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s vision.


Our vision is a Houston where no one goes hungry and everyone can provide food for themselves and their families.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Strategic Goals

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking and goal setting through sharing their most important strategic goals.


Goal One: Optimize human & physical infrastructure.

Goal Type: Focus on core programs to achieve mission and scale back on programs not seen as core.


Goal Two: Achieve sustainable financial stability & growth.

Goal Type: Invest in the capacity of our organization (financial, management, technical, etc.).


Goal Three: Be recognized as an effective community hunger relief model to be emulated elsewhere in the USA.

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Leadership Development

The nonprofit provides evidence of investment in leadership development


Describe an investment in leadership

Target Hunger launched a Navigation Services program in 2019. It is currently overseen by Rosie Martinez, Program Director, and a certified Community Health Worker (CHW). Rosie is also a CHW Instructor through the State of Texas. She has worked in community clinics, county hospitals, and social service settings for more than two decades. All members of the Client Services team are either already CHWs or are working to obtain their State of Texas CHW Certificate. This investment ensures that our team client-facing team has the know how to effectively serve the children, families, and seniors that need help beyond food assistance.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Mobilizing for Mission

The nonprofit provides evidence of leadership through focusing externally and mobilizing resources for the mission.


This organization mobilizes for mission in the following ways:
  • Strategic Partnerships

  • Networks of Collective Impact Efforts

  • Raising Awareness

What are this organization’s external mobilizaton efforts?

Target Hunger has over 31 years of experience delivering food assistance programs in the northeast Houston region. With this longstanding history comes tremendous expertise in delivering food to marginalized communities. Our locations are strategically placed across our nine zip code service areas to ensure that underserved populations have access to Target Hunger’s services and programs. Additionally, we have well established and strong partnerships with organizations like the Houston Food Bank, the Houston Health Department, United Way, as well as long-term relationships with neighborhood leaders and institutions. Target Hunger engages regularly and actively with over 70 partner agencies and is recognized for being a strong and effective collaborator.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Story of Adaptability

The nonprofit has an opportunity to tell the story of how the organization adapted to tremendous external changes in the last year.


The number of people seeking first-time support grew, but as more workplaces and schools re-opened, demand did begin to stabilize and even subside. While relieved to have the miles-long drive-thru lines at the height of the crisis behind us, we continue to work cautiously, as our clientele’s race, age, and economic status makes them particularly susceptible to infection and significantly less likely to have been fully vaccinated than their neighbors in more affluent areas. We are transitioning from emergency operations but plan to maintain home delivery to an increased number of families, and continue to expand social service navigation support, training additional staff to become Community Health Workers. Our Navigation Services work is about helping our clients, almost all of whom are Black or Hispanic, overcome structural and societal barriers that make them more likely to live in poverty. The significant economic and health setbacks the pandemic caused underscored how important social service navigation is to the long-term stability of the families we serve. We aim to accelerate the rate of training for staff, in getting their CHW certification. Improving their skills will help them better serve clients over time, as they can set goals, create check-in reminders, and more closely monitor progress. Collecting better and more detailed data will also allow their teammates to take over a relationship with a client and continue to make progress without having to re-learn the client’s background, and help the team uncover trends in aggregate data that can drive improvements and changes in staff distribution across sites and programs, pantry locations, or other program elements.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

...   Culture & Community


This score provides an assessment of the organization's engagement with the constituents it serves, a practice we term Constituent Feedback. When organizations listen to constituents, they are able to better deliver on programs and meet the needs of stakeholders. A future version of this Beacon will also assess an organization's people operations and its Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) metrics.


Culture & Community Score

Not Currently Scored

Target Hunger is currently not eligible for a Culture & Community score because we have not received its Constituent Feedback data. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.


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Culture & Community Report

Unscored

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Constituent Feedback

Constituent Feedback


Constituent Feedback and Listening Practice data are not available for this organization. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.


Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations that engage in inclusive practices, such as collecting feedback from the people and communities they serve, may be more effective. We award every nonprofit that completes the Candid survey full credit for this Beacon, in recognition of their willingness to publicly share this information with the nonprofit and philanthropic communities. Although the data is not evaluated for quality at this time, future iterations of this Beacon will include third party or other data that will serve to validate the information provided by the nonprofit.

Analysis and Research


Like the overall Encompass Rating System, the Culture & Community Beacon is designed to evolve as metrics are developed and ready for integration. Our partnership with Feedback Labs and Guidestar by Candid, and other partners including Fund for Shared Insight, GlobalGiving, and Keystone Accountability, enables us to launch the first version of this beacon with Constituent Feedback information collected on Candid's site.


Feedback practices have been shown to support better Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion outcomes, an essential area of assessment that we intend to further expand and develop in the future. Feedback Labs has documented several studies which indicate that beyond achieving organizational goals, nonprofits that are attentive and responsive to concerns and ideas raised by beneficiaries establish stronger relationships with the people they serve, promote greater equity, and empower constituents in ways that can help to ensure better long-term outcomes. You can find resources to help nonprofits improve their feedback practices here.

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