Mission: Founded in 1885, the Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA) has been a beacon of culture for the Detroit area for well over a century. The museum includes more than 100 gal ... (More)

The Detroit Institute of Arts is a 501(c)(3) organization, with an IRS ruling year of 1948, and donations are tax-deductible.

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Contact Information

  https://www.dia.org/

  5200 Woodward Avenue
Detroit MI 48202  

  313-833-7969


 Important note on the timeliness of ratings

The IRS is significantly delayed in processing nonprofits' annual tax filings (Forms 990). As a result, the Financial and Accountability & Transparency score for The Detroit Institute of Arts is outdated and the overall rating may not be representative of its current operations. Please check with the charity directly for any questions you may have.

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Low Concern Advisory for:
The Detroit Institute of Arts

See Details About This CN Advisory

Star Rating System by Charity Navigator


Charity Navigator evaluates a nonprofit organization’s financial health including measures of stability, efficiency and sustainability. We also track accountability and transparency policies to ensure the good governance and integrity of the organization.




Exceptional

This charity's score is 94.35, earning it a 4-Star rating. While this is an exceptional rating, we have not given it a "Give with Confidence" designation, as this organization has been issued a Low Concern Advisory. See details above.

This score is calculated from two sub-scores:

This score represents Form 990 data from 2019. More recent filing data is available, but it has not been factored into this score, due to COVID-19's effect on this organization.

View this organization’s historical ratings.

Rating update postponed due to COVID-19's impact on this organization. View The Detroit Institute of Arts's response.


Back to Overall

Star Rated Report

This beta feature is currently viewable only on desktop or tablet screens. Check back later for updates.

Program Expense

Program Expense Ratio

78.6%


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three 990s).


This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Administrative Expenses

14.8%


As reported by charities on their IRS Form 990, this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Expenses

6.5%


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Liabilities to Assets Ratio

6.1%


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent 990).


Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Efficiency

$0.05


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Working Capital Ratio

6.01 years


Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form 990. We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Program Expense Growth

16.12%


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.


Source: IRS Form 990

Governance


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990 that the organization has these governance practices in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990

Governance:
Independent Voting Board Members  ... (More)
No Material Diversion of Assets ... (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms 990 to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form 990 instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form 990 to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant ... (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form 990 reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties ... (More)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes ... (More)
Distributes 990 to Board Before Filing ... (More)
Compensates Board ... (More)

Policies


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Policies:
Conflict of Interest  ... (More)
Whistleblower ... (More)
Records Retention and Destruction ... (More)
CEO Compensation Process ... (More)
Donor Privacy ... (More)

Donors can be reluctant to contribute to a charity when their name, address, or other basic information may become part of donor lists that are exchanged or sold, resulting in an influx of charitable solicitations from other organizations. Our analysts check the charity's website to see if the organization has a donor privacy policy in place and what it does and does not cover. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.

(Less)

Transparency


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Transparency:
CEO Salary Listed on 990 ... (More)
Board of Directors Listed on Website ... (More)
Key Staff Listed on Website ... (More)
Audited Financial Statements on Website ... (More)
Form 990 Available on Website ... (More)

Additional Information

Unscored

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Total Revenue and Expenses

Total Revenue and Expenses

This chart displays the trend of revenue and expenses over the past several years for this organization, as reported on their IRS Form 990.

Salary of Key Persons

Presented here are this organizations key compensated staff members as identified by our analysts. This compensation data includes salary, cash bonuses and expense accounts and is displayed exactly how it is reported to the IRS. The amounts do not include nontaxable benefits, deferred compensation, or other amounts not reported on Form W-2. In some cases, these amounts may include compensation from related organizations. Read the IRS policies for compensation reporting



Salvador Salort-Pons, President, CEO

$422,019 (0.75% of Total Expenses)


Current CEO and Board Chair can be found in the Leadership & Adaptability report below.

Source: IRS Form 990 (page 7), filing year 2020

Business Master File Data

Below are some key data points from the Exempt Organization IRS Business Master File (BMF) for this organization. Learn more about the BMF on the IRS website


Activities:

School, college, trade school, etc. (BMF activity code: 030)


Foundation Status:

Organization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public   170(b)(1)(A)(vi) (BMF foundation code: 15)


Affiliation:

Independent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations). (BMF affiliation code: 3)

Data Sources: IRS Forms 990

The Form 990 is a document that nonprofit organizations file with the IRS annually. We leverage finance and accountability data from it to form Encompass ratings. Click here to view this organization's Forms 990 on the IRS website (if any are available).

Pandemic Response

This organization was impacted by COVID-19 in a way that effected their financial health in 2020. This normally would have reduced their star rating. Due to the unprecedented nature of the pandemic, we give charities such as this one the opportunity to share the story of COVID's impact on them, and doing this pauses our revision of their rating. Charities may submit their own pandemic responses through their nonprofit portal.


The Detroit Institute of Arts reported being impacted by COVID-19 in the following ways:
  • Program Delivery

  • Fundraising Capacity

  • Revenue


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's operations financially:

To protect the future of the museum and its ability to serve our community and visitors when it reopened to the public, the DIA worked to avoid layoffs for its nearly 400 employees. This commitment equaled almost $2 million per month, an extraordinary expense considering that most forms of museum revenue have been suspended. In addition to the monthly salary and benefits expense, the museum temporarily faced a significant loss of income from events, food and beverage services, retail operations, and parking fees. Until the effects of the pandemic were more clearly understood, the museum took measures to contain expenses by postponing staff merit increases planned and implementing a 20% salary reduction for all members of the leadership team at the Vice President level and above. These efforts helped to strengthen our financial position during the initial uncertainty of the pandemic.


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's delivery of programs:

Due to the pandemic, the DIA temporarily closed from March 13 to July 10, 2020, and suspended all in-person programming, including gallery tours, lectures, professional development workshops, Studio art-making programs, field trips and senior days. Until the museum's limited-capacity reopening, the DIA's programming moved entirely online with high-quality digital content created to serve local residents, students, and visitors from around the world.


How this organization adapted to changing conditions caused by COVID-19:

Steadfast in our mission to provide the community with cultural and social experiences, the DIA quickly adapted strategies to continue our important educational work with students and seniors, and other forms of community engagement digitally. Museum program offerings were moved online to “At Home with the DIA” and include curated talks on works of art, virtual field trips, movie screenings, art making activities, writing and discussions, scavenger hunts, and for the first time, the annual Detroit Public Schools Community District student exhibition. Also new last fall, the DIA offered an interactive virtual tour of its 8th annual “Ofrendas” exhibition to celebrate Día de los Muertos. The DIA also revamped key donor cultivation and fundraising events to protect the health and safety of our staff, donors and vendors. While the annual Fash Bash benefit was cancelled in 2020, the annual Gala, the DIA’s largest fundraiser, was reimaged as an online, virtual event.


Innovations the organization intends to continue permanently after the pandemic:

The DIA’s Learning and Audience Engagement department developed “DIA Delivered,” education kits which can be checked-out online by teachers and schools. The kits are curriculum-based resources that connect the school curriculum to objects in the DIA collection. Resources include lesson plans, age-appropriate books, videos, manipulatives, and all supplies to complete the suggested art-making activities. The kits emphasize areas of the collection that have the most relevant connections to state learning standards and cross-curricular opportunities (English-Language Arts, Science, Social Studies, and Math) and have been developed for elementary, middle school, and high school curricula. The kits focus on the following areas of the collection: Native American, Ancient Middle East, Egypt, Africa, African American, and American. These educational kits allow for the DIA to serve students and teachers who lack digital access, or who live too far from the museum to make a field trip possible.


Historical Ratings

Date PublishedForm 990 FYEOverall ScoreOverall Rating
Rating Version: 2.1
5/1/20212019 94.35
8/1/20192018 88.58
10/1/20182017 89.52
3/1/20182016 89.22
2/1/20182016 85.64

This organization received multiple star ratings within this fiscal year, due to an update to its Accountability and Transparency data and/or the receipt of an amended Form 990.

12/1/20162015 92.38
6/1/20162014 91.07
Rating Version: 2.0
12/1/20152014 90.69
8/1/20142013 95.58
12/1/20132012 81.62
11/6/20122011 88.26
10/1/20122011 86.82
8/1/20122010 78.89
9/20/20112010 78.06
Rating Version: 1.0
10/1/20102009 71.83
10/1/20092008 75.91
4/1/20092007 88.58
4/1/20082006 96.53
7/1/20062005 92.11
7/1/20052004 82.80
8/1/20042003 88.79
8/1/20032002 98.78
2/5/20032001 98.67

Previous: Finance & Accountability  / Next: Leadership & Adaptability

...   Impact & Results


This score estimates the actual impact a nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact.


Impact & Results Score

Not Currently Scored

The Detroit Institute of Arts cannot currently be evaluated by our Encompass Rating Impact & Results methodology because either (A) it is eligible, but we have not yet received data; (B) we have not yet developed an algorithm to estimate its programmatic impact; (C) its programs are not direct services; or (D) it is not heavily reliant on contributions from individual donors.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.

Learn more about Impact & Results.

Do you work at The Detroit Institute of Arts? Join the waitlist for an updated Impact & Results score.


Back to Overall

Additional Information

Unscored

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Largest Programs

Largest Programs



The Detroit Institute of Arts reported its three largest programs on its FY 2019 Form 990 as:


$27,061,752

Spent in most recent FY

58%

Percent of program expenses


Collection Stewardship, Care, Access, and Preservation


$15,657,866

Spent in most recent FY

34%

Percent of program expenses


Audience Engagement


$3,188,229

Spent in most recent FY

6%

Percent of program expenses


Education


Previous: Impact & Results  / Next: Culture & Community

...   Leadership & Adaptability


This score provides an assessment of the organization's leadership capacity, strategic thinking and planning, and ability to innovate or respond to changes in constituent demand/need or other relevant social and economic conditions to achieve the organization's mission.


Leadership & Adaptability Score

100

out of 100

The score earned by The Detroit Institute of Arts is a passing score. This score has no effect on the organization's Star Rating.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of the organization's Leadership & Adaptability through the nonprofit organization submitting a survey response directly to Charity Navigator.


Back to Overall

Leadership & Adaptability Report

100

of 100 points

Mission

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s mission


The DIA creates experiences that help each visitor find personal meaning in art, individually and with each other.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Vision

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s vision.


The DIA will be the town square of our community, a gathering place for everybody.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Strategic Goals

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking and goal setting through sharing their most important strategic goals.


Goal One: By 2021 the DIA will be relevant to a broad and diverse audience.

Goal Type: New program(s) based on observed changes in needs among our constituencies/communities served.


Goal Two: By 2021 the DIA will lead the art museum industry in engaging people with art.

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Goal Three: By 2023 the DIA will be financially independent.

Goal Type: Invest in the capacity of our organization (financial, management, technical, etc.).


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Leadership Development

The nonprofit provides evidence of investment in leadership development


Describe an investment in leadership

As a part of the DIA’s commitment to Inclusion, Diversity, Equity and Access (IDEA), the museum’s leadership team - the Strategy Group - received individual assessments and coaching from The Kaleidoscope Group. (These positions include the museum’s President, Director and CEO; Deputy Director; Chief Financial and Development Officers; VP of Operations; Exec. Director of Marketing and Communications; Exec. Director of Talent and Culture; VP of Exhibition, Collection and Information Strategies; and VP of Operations). A certified minority-owned business enterprise in Chicago, The Kaleidoscope Group is a full-service Diversity and Inclusion consultancy recognized as a top 10 pioneer in workplace Diversity and Inclusion. For over 30 years, it has assisted organizations with managing culture change and creating inclusion. Its ongoing work with the DIA’s Strategy team represents a key investment in leadership’s professional development and capacity to understand and implement the IDEA work.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Mobilizing for Mission

The nonprofit provides evidence of leadership through focusing externally and mobilizing resources for the mission.


This organization mobilizes for mission in the following ways:
  • Strategic Partnerships

What are this organization’s external mobilizaton efforts?

Our work is anchored by partnerships with Wayne, Oakland, and Macomb County Arts Authorities, as well as local governments, companies and community groups. Through agreements with tri-county residents that fund the museum, the DIA delivers programs to seniors, K-12 educators, and youth. Community Programs include art making at Children’s and the VA hospitals and classes for adult well-being groups. The DIA is also amidst an accessibility initiative to remove barriers that prevent people with different abilities from fully engaging with museum offerings and professional opportunities. The work is partly driven by focus groups with Deaf, Hard of Hearing, Blind and Low-Vision residents, and aims to make inclusion a part of the everyday museum experience. Partners in Public Art and Inside|Out enable collaborations with local governments and businesses to transform communities with murals, public artworks and outdoor installations of high-quality reproductions of art from our collection.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Story of Adaptability

The nonprofit has an opportunity to tell the story of how the organization adapted to tremendous external changes in the last year.


In response to the pandemic, the DIA developed an array of resources, including educational kits, that enabled the museum to pivot both its public programming and student engagement work from the galleries. Now the museum serves students and teachers who lack digital access, and/or have transportation barriers. Delivering educational content in alternate but innovative formats aligns with the museum’s overall strategy to ensure the long-term viability and relevance of our work. These efforts have allowed the DIA to fulfill its community engagement responsibilities while offering the museum’s audiences new ways to connect with public programs and the art collection, not only during the pandemic but into the future. In addition, the DIA’s Re-opening Task Force adopted the Governor’s six-phase plan to prepare for safely welcoming staff and visitors back into the museum, which included a phased reopening in July 2020 in partnership with neighboring cultural institutions. The museum also engaged the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) which performed an in-depth onsite survey of the building to determine a set of policies and protocols for the museum to follow. Moreover, a team from the DIA traveled to the Toledo Museum of Art, which opened in June 2020, to learn about its reopening procedures and to see their visitor experience first-hand. In preparation for the return of visitors and staff, the DIA also secured funding from the Michigan Council for Arts and Cultural Affairs (MCACA) for our Accessibility Doors Project (ADP) which has supported the installation of door assist operators and closures/openers. The project aligns with the DIA’s ongoing accessibility work to ensure that visitors with different abilities can connect with the art collection and programs; and as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the project also reduces touchpoints such as doorknobs and handles that are subject to contamination, and minimizes the transmission of this communicable disease.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Additional Information

Unscored

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Organization Leadership

Organization Leadership


Salvador Salort-Pons

Director, President and CEO

Eugene A. Gargaro, Jr.

Chairman

Previous: Leadership & Adaptability

...   Culture & Community


This score provides an assessment of the organization's culture and connectedness to the community it serves. Learn more about how and why we rate Culture & Community.


Culture & Community Score

Not Currently Scored

The Detroit Institute of Arts is currently not eligible for a Culture & Community score because we have not received its Constituent Feedback or Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion data. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen and Equity Practices sections of their Candid profile.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.


Back to Overall

Culture & Community Report

Unscored

This beta feature is currently viewable only on desktop or tablet screens. Check back later for updates.

Constituent Feedback

Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion


This organization has not provided information regarding the diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) practices it is presently implementing. As such, the organization has not earned a score on this metric. Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations implementing effective DEI policies and practices can enhance a nonprofit's decision-making, staff motivation, innovation, and effectiveness.


Methodology


We are utilizing data collected by Candid to document and assess the DEI practices implemented by the organization. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the Equity Strategies section of their Candid profiles to receive a rating.


Learn more about the methodology.

Constituent Feedback


Constituent Feedback and Listening Practice data are not available for this organization. Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations that engage in inclusive practices, such as collecting feedback from the people and communities they serve, may be more effective.



Methodology


We've partnered with Candid to survey organizations about their feedback practices. Nonprofit organizations can fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile to receive a rating.


Learn more about the methodology.

Analysis and Research


Like the overall Encompass Rating System, the Culture & Community Beacon is designed to evolve as metrics are developed and ready for integration. Below you can find more information about the metrics we currently evaluate in this beacon and their relevance to nonprofit performance.


Constituent Feedback


Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

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