Mission: Mano a Mano International mission is to create partnerships with impoverished Bolivian communities that improve health and increase economic well-being. We collabora ... (More)

Mano a Mano International is a 501(c)(3) organization, with an IRS ruling year of 1995, and donations are tax-deductible.

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Contact Information

  http://manoamano.org

 925 Pierce Butler Route
St. Paul MN 55104 

  651-457-3141


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Star Rating System by Charity Navigator


Charity Navigator evaluates a nonprofit organization’s financial health including measures of stability, efficiency and sustainability. We also track accountability and transparency policies to ensure the good governance and integrity of the organization.




Exceptional

This charity's score is 95.23, earning it a 4-Star rating. Donors can "Give with Confidence" to this charity. 

This score is calculated from two sub-scores:

This score represents Form 990 data from 2019, the latest year published by the IRS.

View this organization’s historical ratings.


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Star Rated Report

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Program Expense

Program Expense Ratio

90.8%


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three 990s).


This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Administrative Expenses

4.7%


As reported by charities on their IRS Form 990, this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Expenses

4.3%


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Liabilities to Assets Ratio

8.1%


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent 990).


Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Efficiency

$0.03


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Working Capital Ratio

1.09 years


Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form 990. We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Program Expense Growth

6.08%


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.


Source: IRS Form 990

Governance


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990 that the organization has these governance practices in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990

Governance:
Independent Voting Board Members  ... (More)
No Material Diversion of Assets ... (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms 990 to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form 990 instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form 990 to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant ... (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form 990 reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties ... (More)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes ... (More)
Distributes 990 to Board Before Filing ... (More)
Compensates Board ... (More)

Policies


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Policies:
Conflict of Interest  ... (More)
Whistleblower ... (More)
Records Retention and Destruction ... (More)
CEO Compensation Process ... (More)
Donor Privacy ... (More)

Donors have expressed extreme concern about the use of their personal information by charities and the desire to have this information kept confidential. The exchanging and sale of lists for telemarketing and the mass distribution of "junk mail," among other things, can be minimized if the charity assures the privacy of its donors. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.

(Less)

Transparency


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Transparency:
CEO Salary Listed on 990 ... (More)
Board of Directors Listed on Website ... (More)
Key Staff Listed on Website ... (More)
Audited Financial Statements on Website ... (More)
Form 990 Available on Website ... (More)

Additional Information

Unscored

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Total Revenue and Expenses

Total Revenue and Expenses

This chart displays the trend of revenue and expenses over the past several years for this organization, as reported on their IRS Form 990.

Salary of Key Persons

Presented here are up to five of this organization's highest compensated employees. This compensation data includes salary, cash bonuses, and expense accounts and is displayed exactly how it is reported to the IRS. The amounts include salary, cash bonuses, and expense accounts. The amounts do not include nontaxable benefits, deferred compensation, or other amounts not reported on Form W-2. Read the IRS policies for compensation reporting



DENNIS ANDERSON, BOARD MEMBER

$0


ANNELI BORST, BOARD MEMBER

$0


DEBORAH KOTCHER CPA, BOARD MEMBER

$0


RICO DURAN, BOARD MEMBER

$0


CHRISTINE VERPLOEG ESQ, SECRETARY

$0


Source: IRS Form 990 (page 7), filing year 2019

Business Master File Data

Below are some key data points from the Exempt Organization IRS Business Master File (BMF) for this organization. Learn more about the BMF on the IRS website


Activities:

Described in section 170(b)1)(a)(vi) of the Code (BMF activity code: 994)

Supplying money, goods or services to the poor (BMF activity code: 560)

Domestic organization with activities outside U.S. (BMF activity code: 910)


Foundation Status:

Organization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public   170(b)(1)(A)(vi) (BMF foundation code: 15)


Affiliation:

Independent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations). (BMF affiliation code: 3)

Data Sources: IRS Forms 990

The Form 990 is a document that nonprofit organizations file with the IRS annually. We leverage finance and accountability data from it to form Encompass ratings. Click here to view this organization's Forms 990 on the IRS website (if any are available).

Pandemic Response

Due to the unprecedented nature of the pandemic, we give charities such as this one the opportunity to share the story of COVID's impact on them. Charities may submit their own pandemic responses through their nonprofit portal.


Mano a Mano International reported being impacted by COVID-19 in the following ways:
  • Program Delivery

  • Fundraising Capacity

  • Revenue

  • Staffing

  • Administrative Capacity


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's operations financially:

COVID made it more difficult to do many of the basic functions involved with fundraising: in-person meetings, events both large and small, and the ability to travel to Bolivia (a core way we engage supporters is by seeing our work in Bolivia firsthand).


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's delivery of programs:

All of our programs were affected. Our program shipping medical supplies from Minnesota to Bolivia was made more difficult by the challenge of locating containers - many of which originate in China. Our programs in Bolivia were heavily impacted due to the many quarantines, lockdowns, and limitations put on programs.


How this organization adapted to changing conditions caused by COVID-19:

Despite the many challenges, reflecting back on the year we were able to continue completing our work, thanks to the dedication of our staff and volunteers in both Minnesota and Bolivia.


Innovations the organization intends to continue permanently after the pandemic:

Since we are located in 2 countries, digital communications have been a way of life for us. But we have leaned on video calls, whatsapp groups, and other means more than previous, which has been a timesaver in choosing what needs to be in-person and what can be done quicker and easier with a text or phone call.


Historical Ratings

Date PublishedForm 990 FYEOverall ScoreOverall Rating
Rating Version: 2.1
6/1/20212019 95.23
3/1/20202018 96.66
7/1/20192017 95.19
3/1/20192016 91.32
7/1/20182016 90.03

This organization received multiple star ratings within this fiscal year, due to an update to it's Accountability and Transparency data and/or the receipt of an amended Form 990.

8/1/20172015 90.88
6/1/20162014 91.36
Rating Version: 2.0
4/1/20162014 93.10
7/1/20152013 96.05
12/20/20132012 96.19
3/1/20132011 81.96
9/1/20122010 76.82

...   Impact & Results


This score estimates the actual impact a nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact.


Impact & Results Score

Not Currently Scored

Mano a Mano International cannot currently be evaluated by our Encompass Rating Impact & Results methodology because either (A) it is eligible, but we have not yet received data; (B) we have not yet developed an algorithm to estimate its programmatic impact; (C) its programs are not direct services; or (D) it is not heavily reliant on contributions from individual donors.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.

Learn more about Impact & Results.

Do you work at Mano a Mano International? Join the waitlist for an updated Impact & Results score.


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Additional Information

Unscored

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Largest Programs

Largest Programs



Mano a Mano International reported its three largest programs on its FY 2019 Form 990 as:


$0

Spent in most recent FY

0%

Percent of program expenses


MANO A MANO APOYO AEREO (AIR SUPPORT) FOCUSES ON OUR AVIATION PROGRAM, PRIMARILY EMERGENCY AIR RESCUES AND TRANSPORT, AND WAS FOUNDED IN 2006. TO DATE, MANO A MANO AVIATION HAS PROVIDED MORE THAN 3,00 ... (More)


$157,015

Spent in most recent FY

5%

Percent of program expenses


MANO A MANO BOLIVIA FOCUSES ON HEALTH AND EDUCATION, INCLUDING HEALTH CLINICS AND SCHOOLS, AND WAS FOUNDED IN 1999. TO DATE, MANO A MANO HAS CONSTRUCTED 165 CLINICS AND 62 SCHOOLS IN RURAL COMMUNITIES ... (More)


$383,675

Spent in most recent FY

14%

Percent of program expenses


MANO A MANO NUEVO MUNDO FOCUSES ON RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, INCLUDING ROAD AND WATER PROJECTS, AND WAS FOUNDED IN 2005. THESE LARGE-SCALE PROJECTS ARE AIMED AT IMPROVING FARMER'S INCOMES AND NUTRIT ... (More)


...   Leadership & Adaptability


This score provides an assessment of the organization's leadership capacity, strategic thinking and planning, and ability to innovate or respond to changes in constituent demand/need or other relevant social and economic conditions to achieve the organization's mission.


Leadership & Adaptability Score

100

out of 100

The score earned by Mano a Mano International is a passing score.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of the organization's Leadership & Adaptability through the nonprofit organization submitting a survey response directly to Charity Navigator.


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Leadership & Adaptability Report

100

of 100 points

Mission

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s mission


THE ORGANIZATION IS GUIDED BY THE SIMPLE PREMISE THAT GROUPS OF COMMITTED INDIVIDUALS CAN REACH ACROSS NATIONAL BOUNDARIES TO MAKE A DRAMATIC DIFFERENCE IN THE LIVES OF OTHERS. THE POWER OF THIS PREMISE HAS BEEN DEMONSTRATED BY THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE ORGANIZATION HAS GROWN. MANO A MANO WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1994 AND HAS CREATED AN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HEALTH CARE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN HUNDREDS OF RURAL COMMUNITIES. THIS INFRASTRUCTURE IS CONSTRUCTED, SUPPORTED, AND RUN BY BOLIVIANS. MANO A MANO ACCOMPLISHES ITS WORK IN BOLIVIA THROUGH FOUR COUNTERPART ORGANIZATIONS WHICH IT HELPED CREATE: MANO A MANO BOLIVIA, WHICH FOCUSES ON HEALTH AND EDUCATION; MANO A MANO - NUEVO MUNDO (NEW WORLD), WHICH ADDRESSES THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ASPECT OF ITS MISSION; MANO A MANO APOYO AEREO (AIR SUPPORT), WHICH PROVIDES EMERGENCY AIR RESCUE TO RURAL COMMUNITIES AND AIR TRANSPORT FOR MANO A MANO AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS WITH SIMILAR MISSIONS; AND, MANO A MANO - INTERNACIONAL, WHICH FOCUSES ON TRAVEL PLAN


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Vision

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s vision.


All Bolivian communities have the capacity to: meet their basic needs for health, education, food security and nutrition; find and access goods and services beyond their borders; positively transform their community and the global community.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Strategic Goals

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking and goal setting through sharing their most important strategic goals.


Goal One: To maintain the work that we have completed to date and ensure that they are functioning as intended.

Goal Type: Focus on core programs to achieve mission and scale back on programs not seen as core.


Goal Two: To grow Mano a Mano as an organization to increase our sustainability and capacity so that we can in turn do more work with communities.

Goal Type: Invest in the capacity of our organization (financial, management, technical, etc.).


Goal Three: To continue to listen to communities and meet their stated needs to improve their communities.

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Leadership Development

The nonprofit provides evidence of investment in leadership development


Describe an investment in leadership

Mano a Mano's Board and leadership spend a great deal of time and thought planning for the future, identifying current strengths and weaknesses and how to best address those areas, and succession planning for our organization in the US and our four counterpart organizations in Bolivia.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Mobilizing for Mission

The nonprofit provides evidence of leadership through focusing externally and mobilizing resources for the mission.


This organization mobilizes for mission in the following ways:
  • Strategic Partnerships

  • Raising Awareness

  • Community Building

What are this organization’s external mobilizaton efforts?

Our Recovered Resources Program based in St. Paul, MN partners with many similar programs in the Twin Cities, Fargo, and other countries. We also regularly partner with other nonprofits working in Bolivia - we have collaborated on building pedestrian bridges and shared medical supplies and equipment, among other projects. We regularly post about our projects on our website and social media, and we have written 2 books that go into more detail about our partnership-based development model.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Story of Adaptability

The nonprofit has an opportunity to tell the story of how the organization adapted to tremendous external changes in the last year.


Our annual report attached below provides much more detail.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

...   Culture & Community


This score provides an assessment of the organization's engagement with the constituents it serves, a practice we term Constituent Feedback. When organizations listen to constituents, they are able to better deliver on programs and meet the needs of stakeholders. A future version of this Beacon will also assess an organization's people operations and its Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) metrics.


Culture & Community Score

Not Currently Scored

Mano a Mano International is currently not eligible for a Culture & Community score because we have not received its Constituent Feedback data. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.


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Culture & Community Report

Unscored

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Constituent Feedback

Constituent Feedback


Constituent Feedback and Listening Practice data are not available for this organization. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.


Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations that engage in inclusive practices, such as collecting feedback from the people and communities they serve, may be more effective. We award every nonprofit that completes the Candid survey full credit for this Beacon, in recognition of their willingness to publicly share this information with the nonprofit and philanthropic communities. Although the data is not evaluated for quality at this time, future iterations of this Beacon will include third party or other data that will serve to validate the information provided by the nonprofit.

Analysis and Research


Like the overall Encompass Rating System, the Culture & Community Beacon is designed to evolve as metrics are developed and ready for integration. Our partnership with Feedback Labs and Guidestar by Candid, and other partners including Fund for Shared Insight, GlobalGiving, and Keystone Accountability, enables us to launch the first version of this beacon with Constituent Feedback information collected on Candid's site.


Feedback practices have been shown to support better Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion outcomes, an essential area of assessment that we intend to further expand and develop in the future. Feedback Labs has documented several studies which indicate that beyond achieving organizational goals, nonprofits that are attentive and responsive to concerns and ideas raised by beneficiaries establish stronger relationships with the people they serve, promote greater equity, and empower constituents in ways that can help to ensure better long-term outcomes. You can find resources to help nonprofits improve their feedback practices here.

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