Mission: IDRF's mission is to empower marginalized people with skills, services and infrastructure grounded in sustainable development. We provide support for programs that i ... (More)

India Development and Relief Fund, Inc. (IDRF) is a 501(c)(3) organization, with an IRS ruling year of 1988, and donations are tax-deductible.

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Contact Information

  http://www.idrf.org

 5821 Mossrock Drive
North Bethesda MD 20852 

  301-704-0032


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Star Rating System by Charity Navigator


Charity Navigator evaluates a nonprofit organization’s financial health including measures of stability, efficiency and sustainability. We also track accountability and transparency policies to ensure the good governance and integrity of the organization.




Exceptional

This charity's score is 94.60, earning it a 4-Star rating. Donors can "Give with Confidence" to this charity. 

This score is calculated from two sub-scores:

This score represents Form 990 data from 2019, the latest year published by the IRS.

View this organization’s historical ratings.


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Star Rated Report

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Program Expense

Program Expense Ratio

94.8%


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three 990s).


This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Administrative Expenses

4.3%


As reported by charities on their IRS Form 990, this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Expenses

0.8%


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Liabilities to Assets Ratio

0.1%


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent 990).


Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Efficiency

$0.00


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Working Capital Ratio

1.41 years


Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form 990. We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Program Expense Growth

1.37%


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.


Source: IRS Form 990

Governance


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990 that the organization has these governance practices in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990

Governance:
Independent Voting Board Members  ... (More)
No Material Diversion of Assets ... (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms 990 to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form 990 instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form 990 to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant ... (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form 990 reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties ... (More)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes ... (More)
Distributes 990 to Board Before Filing ... (More)
Compensates Board ... (More)

Policies


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Policies:
Conflict of Interest  ... (More)
Whistleblower ... (More)
Records Retention and Destruction ... (More)
CEO Compensation Process ... (More)
Donor Privacy ... (More)

Donors have expressed extreme concern about the use of their personal information by charities and the desire to have this information kept confidential. The exchanging and sale of lists for telemarketing and the mass distribution of "junk mail," among other things, can be minimized if the charity assures the privacy of its donors. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.

(Less)

Transparency


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Transparency:
CEO Salary Listed on 990 ... (More)
Board of Directors Listed on Website ... (More)
Key Staff Listed on Website ... (More)
Audited Financial Statements on Website ... (More)
Form 990 Available on Website ... (More)

Additional Information

Unscored

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Total Revenue and Expenses

Total Revenue and Expenses

This chart displays the trend of revenue and expenses over the past several years for this organization, as reported on their IRS Form 990.

Salary of Key Persons

Presented here are this organizations key compensated staff members as identified by our analysts. This compensation data includes salary, cash bonuses and expense accounts and is displayed exactly how it is reported to the IRS. The amounts do not include nontaxable benefits, deferred compensation, or other amounts not reported on W-2. In some cases, these amounts may include compensation from related organizations. Read the IRS policies for compensation reporting



Vinod Prakash, President

$0 (0.00% of Total Expenses)


Source: IRS Form 990 (page 7), filing year 2019

Business Master File Data

Below are some key data points from the Exempt Organization IRS Business Master File (BMF) for this organization. Learn more about the BMF on the IRS website


Activities:

Supplying money, goods or services to the poor (BMF activity code: 560)


Foundation Status:

Organization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public   170(b)(1)(A)(vi) (BMF foundation code: 15)


Affiliation:

Independent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations). (BMF affiliation code: 3)

Data Sources: IRS Forms 990

The Form 990 is a document that nonprofit organizations file with the IRS annually. We leverage finance and accountability data from it to form Encompass ratings. Click here to view this organization's Forms 990 on the IRS website (if any are available).

Pandemic Response

Due to the unprecedented nature of the pandemic, we give charities such as this one the opportunity to share the story of COVID's impact on them. Charities may submit their own pandemic responses through their nonprofit portal.


India Development and Relief Fund, Inc. (IDRF) reported being impacted by COVID-19 in the following ways:
  • Program Delivery

  • Fundraising Capacity

  • Revenue

  • Staffing

  • Administrative Capacity

  • Grants Received

  • Grants Sent

  • Balance Sheet


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's operations financially:

As soon as the Indian government announced a complete lockdown to prevent the spread of COVID, we started fundraising for the migrant/daily wage-earning workers who started returning home. Our Board & staff reached out to donors through phone/video calls, mass appeals & social media. Donations started pouring in from benevolent donors & we were able to raise more funds than our targets! Due to the pandemic, our office did not shut down & all operations were moved online. We sent grants in terms of amount & frequency to support programs for struggling families. Our team is working tirelessly to keep in contact with our ground partners & get updates regarding the relief programs. During an exceptional emergency like COVID, we provided help in the USA. We joined hands with 20 organizations in the DC metro area to help communities. Our ground staff worked on phones & Zoom to coordinate, organize & mobilize volunteers to distribute free groceries to 15,800 families at 36 Grab & Go events


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's delivery of programs:

IDRF has moved all operations online & Board meets every two weeks. Volunteers are mobilized & trained online. As we adapt to new circumstances, we are continuing to serve the marginalized. We are modifying the progs as per the exceptionally challenging circumstances. Some examples: We continued to provide Mobile Clinics & also spread awareness & preventive measures about COVID. One partner was unable to operate the centers where they prepared meals for malnourished children in hilly villages. Determined to provide meals to 300+ children, the team started supplying uncooked food items to the villages on foot so that parents could cook & feed children. Several of our partners that run schools for underprivileged children are conducting online classes. The NGO teams have prepared educational kits and distributed them to children. We desilt ponds in villages to provide a safe water supply for household consumption. During COVID we employed needy villagers to provide them with work.


How this organization adapted to changing conditions caused by COVID-19:

Since March 2020, we moved IDRF operations online. The staff started reaching out to partners in India on phone & Zoom to plan relief progs for those affected by lockdowns. Our team coordinated on phone the distribution of kits to migrant workers returning. We provided 10,000+ grocery kits to, medicines & PPEs to medical staff & patients. Volunteers were mobilized to provide food & hygiene items to thousands of migrant workers at the checkpoints on their journey back home. During an exceptional emergency like COVID, we provided help in USA. We joined hands with 20 organizations in DC metro area to help communities. Our ground staff worked on phones & Zoom to coordinate, organize & mobilize volunteers to distribute free groceries to 15,800 families at 36 Grab & Go events. Inspired by our work other organizations provided in-kind donations to IDRF. Montgomery County Council, MD awarded a citation to IDRF for its commendable relief work done during pandemic to serve diverse communities.


Innovations the organization intends to continue permanently after the pandemic:

IDRF did not shut down even for a day due to COVID at all. Rather as soon as the pandemic began we moved all operations online seamlessly. Our staff is working virtually more now and will continue to do so. Earlier we kept in touch with our field partners through phone calls and emails, but now we have also started using video calling platforms like Google Meet and Zoom, which we will continue to do. We started using social media more rigorously during the pandemic to fundraise, conduct online events, share our programs & updates with our donors. We will continue to use social media for our future fundraisers, events and remaining in touch with the donors. IDRF’s Board made changes to certain policies during the pandemic. To make it more convenient for our donors, we now accept donations for USA-based 501 (c) (3) organizations through IDRF. The donors who want to donate to tax-exempt organizations in the USA can donate to IDRF and we take care of all the procedures thereon.


Historical Ratings

Date PublishedForm 990 FYEOverall ScoreOverall Rating
Rating Version: 2.1
4/1/20212019 94.60
12/1/20192018 99.13
12/21/20182017 98.23
3/1/20182016 100.00
5/1/20172015 98.23
6/1/20162014 98.23
Rating Version: 2.0
7/1/20152013 99.75
11/1/20132012 93.07
7/1/20132011 85.96
12/20/20122011 69.81

This organization received multiple star ratings within this fiscal year, due to an update to it's Accountability and Transparency data and/or the receipt of an amended Form 990.

2/1/20122010 65.12
9/20/20112009 63.50
Rating Version: 1.0
2/1/20112008 76.28
5/1/20092007 80.07

...   Impact & Results


This score estimates the actual impact a nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact.


Impact & Results Score

Not Currently Scored

India Development and Relief Fund, Inc. (IDRF) cannot currently be evaluated by our Encompass Rating Impact & Results methodology because either (A) it is eligible, but we have not yet received data; (B) we have not yet developed an algorithm to estimate its programmatic impact; (C) its programs are not direct services; or (D) it is not heavily reliant on contributions from individual donors.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.

Learn more about Impact & Results.

Do you work at India Development and Relief Fund, Inc. (IDRF)? Join the waitlist for an updated Impact & Results score.


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Additional Information

Unscored

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Largest Programs

Largest Programs



India Development and Relief Fund, Inc. (IDRF) reported its largest program on its FY 2019 Form 990 as:


$1,493,132

Spent in most recent FY

100%

Percent of program expenses


TO PROVIDE DEVELOPMENTAL ASSISTANCE TO THE NEEDY AND POOR PEOPLE STRICKEN WITH POVERTY, ILLITERACY, UNEMPLOYMENT, SICKNESS, AND HOMELESSNESS; RELIEF AND REHABILITATION FOR VICTIMS OF NATURAL AND OTHER ... (More)


...   Leadership & Adaptability


This score provides an assessment of the organization's leadership capacity, strategic thinking and planning, and ability to innovate or respond to changes in constituent demand/need or other relevant social and economic conditions to achieve the organization's mission.


Leadership & Adaptability Score

100

out of 100

The score earned by India Development and Relief Fund, Inc. (IDRF) is a passing score.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of the organization's Leadership & Adaptability through the nonprofit organization submitting a survey response directly to Charity Navigator.


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Leadership & Adaptability Report

100

of 100 points

Mission

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s mission


IDRF's mission is to empower marginalized people with skills, services, and infrastructure grounded in sustainable development. We provide support for programs that improve education, healthcare, women empowerment, governance, and eco-friendly livelihoods at the grassroots level in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. Moreover, IDRF converts natural disasters into opportunities for the long-term development of the affected communities. Our programs are implemented by carefully vetted and experienced local NGOs.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Vision

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s vision.


At IDRF we believe that a lasting change in impoverished regions can happen only when local people take charge and lead the change. Therefore, our programs put power, not charity, in hands of the poor. We steer our programs to produce benefits for children and women who are powerful players in the fight against poverty. Our team finds out from the underserved communities what their development priorities and accordingly formulate our programs. We empower marginalized people in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka with education, livelihood skills, and self-governance capabilities so they are equipped to make changes to their lives and their children’s. We also believe every person has the right to survive and prosper with dignity. IDRF’s programs serve the disadvantaged without regard to race, religion, caste, or creed.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Strategic Goals

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking and goal setting through sharing their most important strategic goals.


Goal One: After years of social oppression & marginalization, many poor people resign themselves to a life of destitution. IDRF's goal is to help them realize their power to change & help improve their lives.

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Goal Two: We also believe every person has the right to survive and prosper with dignity. Our team finds out from the communities about their development priorities and accordingly designs the projects.

Goal Type: New program(s) based on observed changes in needs among our constituencies/communities served.


Goal Three: IDRF converts natural disasters into opportunities for the long-term development of the affected communities. We provide relief to victims of disasters & also facilitate in long term rehabilitation

Goal Type: Focus on core programs to achieve mission and scale back on programs not seen as core.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Leadership Development

The nonprofit provides evidence of investment in leadership development


Describe an investment in leadership

Since March 2020, we moved IDRF operations online. The staff started reaching out to partners in India on phone & Zoom to plan relief progs for those affected by lockdowns. Our team coordinated on phone the distribution of kits to migrant workers returning. We provided 10,000+ grocery kits to, medicines & PPEs to medical staff & patients. Volunteers were mobilized to provide food & hygiene items to thousands of migrant workers at the checkpoints on their journey back home. During an exceptional emergency like COVID, we provided help in USA. We joined hands with 20 organizations in DC metro area to help communities. Our ground staff worked on phones & Zoom to coordinate, organize & mobilize volunteers to distribute free groceries to 15,800 families at 36 Grab & Go events. Inspired by our work other organizations provided in-kind donations to IDRF. Montgomery County Council, MD awarded a citation to IDRF for its commendable relief work done during pandemic to serve diverse communities.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Mobilizing for Mission

The nonprofit provides evidence of leadership through focusing externally and mobilizing resources for the mission.


This organization mobilizes for mission in the following ways:
  • Strategic Partnerships

  • Networks of Collective Impact Efforts

  • Thought Leadership

  • Raising Awareness

  • Community Building

  • Policy Advocacy

What are this organization’s external mobilizaton efforts?

IDRF is guided by experts who engage in developing strategic partnership with other NGOs. During pandemic we partnered to provide relief in 17 Indian states. Our progs are based in India, Nepal & Sri Lanka, but during pandemic we partnered with 20+ organizations in DC metro area, USA(inspired by our work several of them provided in-kind donations) to help 15,800 families with free groceries. As we adapt to new circumstances, we continue to serve the marginalized & modifying the progs. To optimize our resource utilization, we have supported relief operations in India by partnering with other organizations in USA. We make presentations at World Bank Community Connections Campaign, corporate firms, academic institutions & cultural celebrations. Articles about us have been published in periodicals. Our progs empower marginalized communities so they can make changes to their lives. Our progs help build productive relationships bw govt officials & marginalized, thus better local governance.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Story of Adaptability

The nonprofit has an opportunity to tell the story of how the organization adapted to tremendous external changes in the last year.


In March 2020, India went under lockdown to prevent the spread of Coronavirus, the poor migrant laborers started returning to their homes. IDRF provided 10,000+ grocery Relief Kits to migrant workers, medicines & PPEs to medical staff in 8 states. IDRF has been sending 100% of funds raised for COVID relief to the beneficiary NGOs. Our development & relief progs are based in India, Nepal & Sri Lanka, but during the pandemic, we provided relief in USA. We joined hands with 20 American & Indian-American organizations in the District of Columbia metro area to help diverse communities by conducting 36 events to distribute free groceries to 15,800 families. As we adapt to new circumstances, we continue to serve the marginalized in India, Nepal & Sri Lanka by modifying the programs. We continue to provide Mobile Clinics & also spread awareness and preventive measures about the coronavirus. One of our NGOs was unable to operate the centers where they prepared meals for malnourished children in the hilly villages. Determined to provide meals to 300+ children, the team started supplying uncooked food items to the villages on foot so that the parents could cook & feed the children. Our partners that run schools for underprivileged children are conducting online classes. The NGO teams have prepared educational kits & distributed them. For our pond desilting program, we are employing local needy villagers for the work. As India experienced the second wave of COVID, we provided oxygen ventilators, concentrators, medical supplies, & grocery kits. We supported the management of vaccination centers, registration & transportation to the vaccination centers, set up recovery centers & dignified cremations, etc in 17 states. We are rehabilitating people by economic assistance & livelihood support, helping the poor in obtaining govt assistance & bridging the learning gap by providing laptops to teachers for virtual classes & setting up schools for the children who have lost families.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

...   Culture & Community


This score provides an assessment of the organization's engagement with the constituents it serves, a practice we term Constituent Feedback. When organizations listen to constituents, they are able to better deliver on programs and meet the needs of stakeholders. A future version of this Beacon will also assess an organization's people operations and its Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) metrics.


Culture & Community Score

Not Currently Scored

India Development and Relief Fund, Inc. (IDRF) is currently not eligible for a Culture & Community score because we have not received its Constituent Feedback data. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.


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Culture & Community Report

Unscored

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Constituent Feedback

Constituent Feedback


Constituent Feedback and Listening Practice data are not available for this organization. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.


Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations that engage in inclusive practices, such as collecting feedback from the people and communities they serve, may be more effective. We award every nonprofit that completes the Candid survey full credit for this Beacon, in recognition of their willingness to publicly share this information with the nonprofit and philanthropic communities. Although the data is not evaluated for quality at this time, future iterations of this Beacon will include third party or other data that will serve to validate the information provided by the nonprofit.

Analysis and Research


Like the overall Encompass Rating System, the Culture & Community Beacon is designed to evolve as metrics are developed and ready for integration. Our partnership with Feedback Labs and Guidestar by Candid, and other partners including Fund for Shared Insight, GlobalGiving, and Keystone Accountability, enables us to launch the first version of this beacon with Constituent Feedback information collected on Candid's site.


Feedback practices have been shown to support better Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion outcomes, an essential area of assessment that we intend to further expand and develop in the future. Feedback Labs has documented several studies which indicate that beyond achieving organizational goals, nonprofits that are attentive and responsive to concerns and ideas raised by beneficiaries establish stronger relationships with the people they serve, promote greater equity, and empower constituents in ways that can help to ensure better long-term outcomes. You can find resources to help nonprofits improve their feedback practices here.

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