Mission: Blood:Water is an equipping agency that partners with African grassroots organizations to address the HIV/AIDS and water crises. We do this by identifying Africa's hidden heroes and coming alongside their vision for change. We provide technical, financial, and organizational support so that African civil society organizations have expanded reach and effectiveness in the communities they serve.

Blood:Water was founded in 2004 by the band Jars of Clay in response to the HIV/AIDS and water crises ravaging communities throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Since then, we've partnered with African grassroots organizations in more than ten countries to join them in serving the communities where they work and to improve the health of community members. We identify and invest in African-led organizations who are implementing WASH and HIV/AIDS programs. As we fund their programs, we simultaneously invest in building their capacity so that they are stronger and more resilient for years to come.

Blood:Water is a 501(c)(3) organization, with an IRS ruling year of 2005, and donations are tax-deductible.

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Contact Information

  http://www.bloodwater.org

 P.O. Box 60381
Nashville TN 37206 

  615-550-4296


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Star Rating System by Charity Navigator


Charity Navigator evaluates a nonprofit organization’s financial health including measures of stability, efficiency and sustainability. We also track accountability and transparency policies to ensure the good governance and integrity of the organization.




Needs Improvement

This charity's score is 78.05, earning it a 2-Star rating. Charity Navigator believes donors can "Give with Confidence" to charities with 3- and 4-Star ratings.

This score is calculated from two sub-scores:

This score represents Form 990 data from 2019, the latest year published by the IRS.

View this organization’s historical ratings.


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Star Rated Report

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Program Expense

Program Expense Ratio

81.4%


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three 990s).


This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Administrative Expenses

7.6%


As reported by charities on their IRS Form 990, this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Expenses

10.9%


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Liabilities to Assets Ratio

72.5%


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent 990).


Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Efficiency

$0.11


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Working Capital Ratio

0.03 years


Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form 990. We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Program Expense Growth

-2.78%


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.


Source: IRS Form 990

Governance


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990 that the organization has these governance practices in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990

Governance:
Independent Voting Board Members  ... (More)
No Material Diversion of Assets ... (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms 990 to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form 990 instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form 990 to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant ... (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form 990 reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties ... (More)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes ... (More)
Distributes 990 to Board Before Filing ... (More)
Compensates Board ... (More)

Policies


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Policies:
Conflict of Interest  ... (More)
Whistleblower ... (More)
Records Retention and Destruction ... (More)
CEO Compensation Process ... (More)
Donor Privacy ... (More)

Donors have expressed extreme concern about the use of their personal information by charities and the desire to have this information kept confidential. The exchanging and sale of lists for telemarketing and the mass distribution of "junk mail," among other things, can be minimized if the charity assures the privacy of its donors. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.

(Less)

Transparency


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Transparency:
CEO Salary Listed on 990 ... (More)
Board of Directors Listed on Website ... (More)
Key Staff Listed on Website ... (More)
Audited Financial Statements on Website ... (More)
Form 990 Available on Website ... (More)

Additional Information

Unscored

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Total Revenue and Expenses

Total Revenue and Expenses

This chart displays the trend of revenue and expenses over the past several years for this organization, as reported on their IRS Form 990.

Salary of Key Persons

Presented here are this organizations key compensated staff members as identified by our analysts. This compensation data includes salary, cash bonuses and expense accounts and is displayed exactly how it is reported to the IRS. The amounts do not include nontaxable benefits, deferred compensation, or other amounts not reported on W-2. In some cases, these amounts may include compensation from related organizations. Read the IRS policies for compensation reporting



Stan Doerr, President

$80,241 (4.68% of Total Expenses)


Jake Smith, Executive Director

$21,780 (1.27% of Total Expenses)


Source: IRS Form 990 (page 7), filing year 2019

Business Master File Data

Below are some key data points from the Exempt Organization IRS Business Master File (BMF) for this organization. Learn more about the BMF on the IRS website


Activities:

Activity data not reported from the IRS


Foundation Status:

Organization that normally receives no more than one-third of its support from gross investment income and unrelated business income and at the same time more than one-third of its support from contributions, fees, and gross receipts related to exempt purposes.  509(a)(2) (BMF foundation code: 16)


Affiliation:

Independent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations). (BMF affiliation code: 3)

Data Sources: IRS Forms 990

The Form 990 is a document that nonprofit organizations file with the IRS annually. We leverage finance and accountability data from it to form Encompass ratings. Click here to view this organization's Forms 990 on the IRS website (if any are available).

Pandemic Response

Due to the unprecedented nature of the pandemic, we give charities such as this one the opportunity to share the story of COVID's impact on them. Charities may submit their own pandemic responses through their nonprofit portal.


Blood:Water reported being impacted by COVID-19 in the following ways:
  • Program Delivery

  • Revenue

  • Balance Sheet


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's operations financially:

We saw an initial decrease in donations, but quickly rebounded and even received some major gifts because of the urgency of our work in the midst of COVID-19. Even with all the financial uncertainty and importance of scenario planning during the pandemic, we finished 2020 with several significant markers for Blood:Water: 2 consecutive years of revenue growth, 2 consecutive years of increased program investment, and fully funded operating reserve, disbursement reserve, and new partner launch fund. The scenario planning process allowed us to be nimble throughout the year and adjust direction of resources as needed.


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's delivery of programs:

Our partners had to adapt their programming quickly for COVID-19, halting some group-centered activities in favor of spreading information for proper, life-saving hygiene practices. They went door to door with soap and sanitation supplies, broadcast COVID safety protocols in local language, and set up public sanitizing stations. WASH solutions became more relevant than ever before, yet our partners still found ways to ensure that their beneficiaries were receiving services they needed to live. Maintaining access to HIV medications and community support was challenging, yet our partners still found ways to ensure that their beneficiaries were receiving key services. We also adapted how we served our partners through our capacity building programs. Our team hosted weekly virtual meetings at the beginning of the pandemic so that partners could share ways they were dealing with the pandemic and offer support and advice to each other. We also provided leadership coaching throughout.


How this organization adapted to changing conditions caused by COVID-19:

In the past, we could tackle a lot of the challenges as technical problems with time-tested solutions, resources, and ideas. But most of our recent challenges were of the adaptive nature, requiring flexibility, nimbleness, and collaboration. We were able to sort out what expenses and activities were no longer relevant in the immediate (2020) and which ones were merely delayed. We evaluated our contracts and commitments with vendors to make sure we could pivot quickly and adjust our priorities as needed. We also identified some triggers for making further decisions based on trends in donation volume, revenue, and the economic environment overall.


Innovations the organization intends to continue permanently after the pandemic:

Before COVID-19, we had a traditional in-person model for trainings and workshops with our African partners, typically relegated to only certain employees or leadership team members. By shifting to virtual platforms and online communication, we found that more team members were able to participate and more diversity of perspectives and experiences were able to be shared. We are trying to harness this so that it becomes the norm, and “leadership” isn’t relegated to certain positions but becomes a descriptor of everyone’s role in some way.


Historical Ratings

Date PublishedForm 990 FYEOverall ScoreOverall Rating
Rating Version: 2.1
11/1/20202019 78.05
10/1/20192018 77.91
12/1/20182017 76.38
11/1/20182017 76.22

This organization received multiple star ratings within this fiscal year, due to an update to it's Accountability and Transparency data and/or the receipt of an amended Form 990.

12/1/20172016 71.22
11/1/20162015 64.63
6/1/20162014 65.18
Rating Version: 2.0
11/1/20152014 73.34
6/1/20142013 72.89
2/1/20132011 82.27
4/1/20122010 90.22
9/20/20112009 91.33
Rating Version: 1.0
12/1/20102009 87.74
6/1/20102008 92.89

...   Impact & Results


This score estimates the actual impact a nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact.


Impact & Results Score

Not Currently Scored

Blood:Water cannot currently be evaluated by our Encompass Rating Impact & Results methodology because either (A) it is eligible, but we have not yet received data; (B) we have not yet developed an algorithm to estimate its programmatic impact; (C) its programs are not direct services; or (D) it is not heavily reliant on contributions from individual donors.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.

Learn more about Impact & Results.


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Additional Information

Unscored

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Largest Programs

Largest Programs



Blood:Water reported its two largest programs on its FY 2019 Form 990 as:


$1,236,031

Spent in most recent FY

91%

Percent of program expenses


TO PROVIDE DIRECT PROJECT FUNDING FOR AFRICAN ORGANIZATIONS WORKING IN WASH AND HIV/AIDS. IN 2019, OUR PARTNERSHIPS WITH SEVEN ORGANIZATIONS REACHED 12,755 INDIVIDUALS WITH CLEAN WATER AND 65,651 INDI ... (More)


$115,713

Spent in most recent FY

8%

Percent of program expenses


TO PROVIDE TECHNICAL, FINANCIAL, AND ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT THROUGH CAPACITY BUILDING INITIATIVES. IN 2019, NINE PARTNERS TRAINED IN ORGANIZATIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING. TRAINING INCLUDES FINANCES AND MO ... (More)


...   Leadership & Adaptability


This score provides an assessment of the organization's leadership capacity, strategic thinking and planning, and ability to innovate or respond to changes in constituent demand/need or other relevant social and economic conditions to achieve the organization's mission.


Leadership & Adaptability Score

100

out of 100

The score earned by Blood:Water is a passing score.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of the organization's Leadership & Adaptability through the nonprofit organization submitting a survey response directly to Charity Navigator.


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Leadership & Adaptability Report

100

of 100 points

Mission

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s mission


Blood:Water is an equipping agency that partners with African grassroots organizations to address the HIV/AIDS and water crises. We do this by identifying Africa's hidden heroes and coming alongside their vision for change. We provide technical, financial, and organizational support so that African civil society organizations have expanded reach and effectiveness in the communities they serve. Blood:Water was founded in 2004 by the band Jars of Clay in response to the HIV/AIDS and water crises ravaging communities throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Since then, we've partnered with African grassroots organizations in more than ten countries to join them in serving the communities where they work and to improve the health of community members. We identify and invest in African-led organizations who are implementing WASH and HIV/AIDS programs. As we fund their programs, we simultaneously invest in building their capacity so that they are stronger and more resilient for years to come.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Vision

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s vision.


We want to end the HIV/AIDS and water crises in Africa through local African organizations. This will include improved community coverage with clean water and sanitation, a reduction in the incidence of water-related illnesses, the gradual elimination of mother-to-child transmission, and improved physical, material and psychosocial health for people living with HIV.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Strategic Goals

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking and goal setting through sharing their most important strategic goals.


Goal One: Reach more than 20 communities with life-saving WASH and HIV/AIDS initiatives by 2023

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Goal Two: Help 4 African-led organizations reach the "expanding" stage by 2023 ("expanding" organizations have core capacities in place and are growing consistency with application)

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Goal Three: Positioning resources for more than 10 organizations where needed most and often neglected by other funders

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Leadership Development

The nonprofit provides evidence of investment in leadership development


Describe an investment in leadership

Each August we engage our staff in the Global Leadership Summit, a 2-day conference with experts speaking on a variety of leadership competencies and topics. We cover the ticket cost and the employee time so that everyone can participate together. We also facilitate discussions to contextualize the presentations and ideas.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Mobilizing for Mission

The nonprofit provides evidence of leadership through focusing externally and mobilizing resources for the mission.


This organization mobilizes for mission in the following ways:
  • Strategic Partnerships

  • Networks of Collective Impact Efforts

  • Thought Leadership

  • Raising Awareness

What are this organization’s external mobilizaton efforts?

We participate in the East African Philanthropic Network as presenters and collaborators. We've participated in the Opportunity Collaboration community (annual convening of philanthropy and social sector members, and ongoing virtual opportunities). We've also attended and shared presentations from the International AIDS conference, ICASA and others.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Story of Adaptability

The nonprofit has an opportunity to tell the story of how the organization adapted to tremendous external changes in the last year.


In the past, we could tackle a lot of the challenges as technical problems with time-tested solutions, resources, and ideas. But most of our challenges in the past year were of the adaptive nature, requiring flexibility, nimbleness, and collaboration. Some of our greatest successes were the result of tackling these challenges adaptively: a community-response monitoring tool, leadership coaching for each of our partners, and shifting our capacity-building assessment tools to a virtual environment. Operationally, our financial health and stability by the end of 2020 became one of our biggest successes. The pandemic forced us to adapt how we served our partners through our organizational strengthening programs. Our team hosted weekly virtual meetings at the beginning of the pandemic so that partners could share ways they were dealing with the pandemic and offer support and advice to each other. We offered solutions and changes to programs, and increased leadership coaching to help our partners navigate the changing environment. One unexpected benefit of shifting so much to a virtual platform was the opportunity for a diversity of partner staff members to access and take advantage of our capacity building activities.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

...   Culture & Community


This score provides an assessment of the organization's engagement with the constituents it serves, a practice we term Constituent Feedback. When organizations listen to constituents, they are able to better deliver on programs and meet the needs of stakeholders. A future version of this Beacon will also assess an organization's people operations and its Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) metrics.


Culture & Community Score

Not Currently Scored

Blood:Water is currently not eligible for a Culture & Community score because we have not received its Constituent Feedback data. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.


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Culture & Community Report

Unscored

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Constituent Feedback

Constituent Feedback


Constituent Feedback and Listening Practice data are not available for this organization. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.


Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations that engage in inclusive practices, such as collecting feedback from the people and communities they serve, may be more effective. We award every nonprofit that completes the Candid survey full credit for this Beacon, in recognition of their willingness to publicly share this information with the nonprofit and philanthropic communities. Although the data is not evaluated for quality at this time, future iterations of this Beacon will include third party or other data that will serve to validate the information provided by the nonprofit.

Analysis and Research


Like the overall Encompass Rating System, the Culture & Community Beacon is designed to evolve as metrics are developed and ready for integration. Our partnership with Feedback Labs and Guidestar by Candid, and other partners including Fund for Shared Insight, GlobalGiving, and Keystone Accountability, enables us to launch the first version of this beacon with Constituent Feedback information collected on Candid's site.


Feedback practices have been shown to support better Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion outcomes, an essential area of assessment that we intend to further expand and develop in the future. Feedback Labs has documented several studies which indicate that beyond achieving organizational goals, nonprofits that are attentive and responsive to concerns and ideas raised by beneficiaries establish stronger relationships with the people they serve, promote greater equity, and empower constituents in ways that can help to ensure better long-term outcomes. You can find resources to help nonprofits improve their feedback practices here.

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