Mission: The Rafiki Foundation is a Christian organization whose goal is to help Africans know God and raise their standard of living. It was established in 1985 by Rosemary Jensen and other who desired to help Africans with Bible teaching and development.
To accomplish its mission, Rafiki established ten Rafiki Training Villages within the African countries of Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, and Ethiopia. These Villages provide living, educational, and medical facilities through Rafiki's five programs: Childcare (orphans), Education, Bible Study, Advanced Learning Institute, and Widows. Rafiki's work is both individual as well as exponential with the potential of reaching many children with Bible study and better education through its Rafiki Institute of Classical Education. Rafiki's K-12 Christian classical curriculum and teacher training is designed to create new private Christian classical schools throughout the ten countries in Africa.

Rafiki Foundation is a 501(c)(3) organization, with an IRS ruling year of 1988, and donations are tax-deductible.

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Contact Information

  http://www.rafikifoundation.org/

 P.O. Box 1988
Eustis FL 32727 

  352-483-9131


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Star Rating System by Charity Navigator


Charity Navigator evaluates a nonprofit organization’s financial health including measures of stability, efficiency and sustainability. We also track accountability and transparency policies to ensure the good governance and integrity of the organization.




Exceptional

This charity's score is 93.21, earning it a 4-Star rating. Donors can "Give with Confidence" to this charity. 

This score is calculated from two sub-scores:

This score represents Form 990 data from 2019, the latest year published by the IRS.

View this organization’s historical ratings.


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Star Rated Report

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Program Expense

Program Expense Ratio

91.4%


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three 990s).


This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Administrative Expenses

6.1%


As reported by charities on their IRS Form 990, this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Expenses

2.4%


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Liabilities to Assets Ratio

0.1%


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent 990).


Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Efficiency

$0.02


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Working Capital Ratio

2.42 years


Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form 990. We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Program Expense Growth

2.44%


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.


Source: IRS Form 990

Governance


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990 that the organization has these governance practices in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990

Governance:
Independent Voting Board Members  ... (More)
No Material Diversion of Assets ... (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms 990 to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form 990 instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form 990 to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant ... (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form 990 reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties ... (More)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes ... (More)
Distributes 990 to Board Before Filing ... (More)
Compensates Board ... (More)

Policies


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Policies:
Conflict of Interest  ... (More)
Whistleblower ... (More)
Records Retention and Destruction ... (More)
CEO Compensation Process ... (More)
Donor Privacy ... (More)

Donors have expressed extreme concern about the use of their personal information by charities and the desire to have this information kept confidential. The exchanging and sale of lists for telemarketing and the mass distribution of "junk mail," among other things, can be minimized if the charity assures the privacy of its donors. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.

(Less)

Transparency


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Transparency:
CEO Salary Listed on 990 ... (More)
Board of Directors Listed on Website ... (More)
Key Staff Listed on Website ... (More)
Audited Financial Statements on Website ... (More)
Form 990 Available on Website ... (More)

Additional Information

Unscored

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Total Revenue and Expenses

Total Revenue and Expenses

This chart displays the trend of revenue and expenses over the past several years for this organization, as reported on their IRS Form 990.

Salary of Key Persons

Presented here are this organizations key compensated staff members as identified by our analysts. This compensation data includes salary, cash bonuses and expense accounts and is displayed exactly how it is reported to the IRS. The amounts do not include nontaxable benefits, deferred compensation, or other amounts not reported on W-2. In some cases, these amounts may include compensation from related organizations. Read the IRS policies for compensation reporting



Karen Elliott, CEO, Exec Director

$95,000 (1.02% of Total Expenses)


Source: IRS Form 990 (page 7), filing year 2019

Business Master File Data

Below are some key data points from the Exempt Organization IRS Business Master File (BMF) for this organization. Learn more about the BMF on the IRS website


Activities:

Group medical practice association (BMF activity code: 167)


Foundation Status:

Organization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public   170(b)(1)(A)(vi) (BMF foundation code: 15)


Affiliation:

Independent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations). (BMF affiliation code: 3)

Data Sources: IRS Forms 990

The Form 990 is a document that nonprofit organizations file with the IRS annually. We leverage finance and accountability data from it to form Encompass ratings. Click here to view this organization's Forms 990 on the IRS website (if any are available).

Pandemic Response

Due to the unprecedented nature of the pandemic, we give charities such as this one the opportunity to share the story of COVID's impact on them. Charities may submit their own pandemic responses through their nonprofit portal.


Rafiki Foundation reported being impacted by COVID-19 in the following ways:
  • Program Delivery


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's operations financially:

Financially, God was very gracious to us and our financial condition was strong throughout 2020 - we finished the year with a surplus. In addition, by God's grace we were able to maintain salaries for our 600 national staff in Africa throughout the entire time, even though many of them were on lockdown and not able to work full time.


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's delivery of programs:

Since most of our work is in education in Africa, we run ten classical Christian schools, the schools were formally closed in the ten countries in which we serve for most of 2020 and part of 2021. However, our missionaries and national staff were quite creative in maintaining educational and Bible study resources flowing to parents and students in our schools through Whatsapp and distribution of printed materials. In addition, our national teachers conducting tutoring and small group instruction in the communities during these season. By God's grace we were able to continue to deliver our services through creative means. And God protected our staff, students, missionaries from contracting COVID. We had very few illnesses.


How this organization adapted to changing conditions caused by COVID-19:

We have a main office in Eustis Florida that allowed for working in isolation. We were able to maintain our staff working in their offices during most of the pandemic. We also were able to undertake a number of projects at our home office and prepare for growth during the 2020 pandemic. Since we were not able to travel to any of our ten sites, we conducted meetings via Zoom and even conducted our annual conference that way. Not traveling allowed our management staff to focus on many goals here for the Home Office. We now have our new 10,000 square foot printing and distribution center almost finished which will quadruple the capacity for printing and shipping school curriculum, Bible study, and other educational resources for schools and churches in Africa. We also fully implemented usage of microsoft Teams during this time, the restrictions imposed by COVID allowed us to develop more widespread use of digital technologies.


Innovations the organization intends to continue permanently after the pandemic:

Continued use of teams for virtual meetings. but we will still travel to Africa regularly to meet with our leadership at our ten sites as well as church and government leaders. The pandemic broke the supply chain of curriculum resources in many of our ten countries in Africa. This has opened the way for our Rafiki Education system to be adopted more rapidly in our ten countries in Africa. Both homeschoolers and schools are more receptive. This also allowed us the opportunity to focus on providing Bible study and school resources in the USA which has resulted in the start up of a new classical Christian school here in Eustis Florida.


Historical Ratings

Date PublishedForm 990 FYEOverall ScoreOverall Rating
Rating Version: 2.1
3/1/20212019 93.21
3/1/20202018 92.88
12/21/20182017 92.30
3/1/20182016 92.94
5/1/20172015 92.04
6/1/20162014 94.07
Rating Version: 2.0
12/22/20152014 92.61
12/1/20152014 88.68

This organization received multiple star ratings within this fiscal year, due to an update to it's Accountability and Transparency data and/or the receipt of an amended Form 990.

3/1/20152013 94.21
2/1/20142012 89.70
2/1/20132011 86.85
3/1/20122010 85.27
9/20/20112009 86.81
Rating Version: 1.0
3/1/20112009 85.94
4/1/20102008 94.42
12/17/20082007 95.80
12/1/20072006 94.00
12/1/20062005 96.10
7/1/20062004 98.75

...   Impact & Results


This score estimates the actual impact a nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact.


Impact & Results Score

Not Currently Scored

Rafiki Foundation cannot currently be evaluated by our Encompass Rating Impact & Results methodology because either (A) it is eligible, but we have not yet received data; (B) we have not yet developed an algorithm to estimate its programmatic impact; (C) its programs are not direct services; or (D) it is not heavily reliant on contributions from individual donors.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.

Learn more about Impact & Results.


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Additional Information

Unscored

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Largest Programs

Largest Programs



Rafiki Foundation reported its largest program on its FY 2019 Form 990 as:


$8,554,954

Spent in most recent FY

100%

Percent of program expenses


RAFIKI HAS BEEN SERVING IN AFRICA OVER 30 YEARS AND IS HELPING AFRICANS TO KNOW GOD AND RAISE THEIR STANDARD OF LIVING THROUGH BIBLE STUDY AND EDUCATION WITH EXCELLENCE AND INTEGRITY. THIS WORK IS OVE ... (More)


...   Leadership & Adaptability


This score provides an assessment of the organization's leadership capacity, strategic thinking and planning, and ability to innovate or respond to changes in constituent demand/need or other relevant social and economic conditions to achieve the organization's mission.


Leadership & Adaptability Score

100

out of 100

The score earned by Rafiki Foundation is a passing score.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of the organization's Leadership & Adaptability through the nonprofit organization submitting a survey response directly to Charity Navigator.


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Leadership & Adaptability Report

100

of 100 points

Mission

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s mission


Helping people know God and raise their standard of living through Bible study and schools.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Vision

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s vision.


Cultivating a multitude of godly contributors with Bible study and classical Christian education in Africa to the world.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Strategic Goals

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking and goal setting through sharing their most important strategic goals.


Goal One: Establish 10 model Classical Christian schools in Africa

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Goal Two: Establish 10 model Classical Teacher's colleges in Africa

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Goal Three: Distribute curriculum and train educators for 1000 schools in Africa

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Leadership Development

The nonprofit provides evidence of investment in leadership development


Describe an investment in leadership

Leadership attends educational conferences Training in new digital technologies Quarterly staff days where we focus on goals or training in new technology or processes

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Mobilizing for Mission

The nonprofit provides evidence of leadership through focusing externally and mobilizing resources for the mission.


This organization mobilizes for mission in the following ways:
  • Strategic Partnerships

  • Networks of Collective Impact Efforts

  • Thought Leadership

  • Raising Awareness

What are this organization’s external mobilizaton efforts?

We partner with some like-minded groups to send resources to Africa We attend strategic conferences annually for learning and recruiting purposes. We present at conferences and collaborate with other classical Christian groups. Hosted a channel at the society for classical learning the last 2 years. Partnerships with 23 African denominations in which we train and distribute our curriculum and Bible study working toward our goal of 1000 church schools using Rafiki's Education System and Rafiki Bible study. Close contact with African government authorities in the education sector. Partner with 7 African Christian Universities for the future purpose of establishing Classical Christian teaching diplomas/degrees for teacher training. We host an annual enrichment week of Bible teaching for our staff and missionaries and volunteers and will be expanding that to a Rafiki Bible study seminar. We have over 100 Rafiki Prayer groups that pray monthly for us in very specific ways.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Story of Adaptability

The nonprofit has an opportunity to tell the story of how the organization adapted to tremendous external changes in the last year.


Developed the use of microsoft Teams and Zoom Focused our attention on developing our outreach in the USA via our Rafiki Bible study and the selling of our curriculum in the US as well. While our ten Rafiki Classical Chrsitian schools and 7 Classical Teachers colleges (RICE) were closed from time to time due to COVID 19, the delivery of our services did not stop. Our national staff and missionaries were quite creative in the continuation of education via Whatsapp, the provision of printed curriculum and education packets, and with our national teachers serving as tutors in the local community. Our RICE students (teachers college) were also able to continue some of their education in the same way even though our ten countries conducted some form of lockdown across the education sector. We also were able to deliver food to some of the more needy families in our area of service. During the pandemic at our Home Office in Florida we were able to maintain full operations in spite of lockdowns. Our home office facility lended itself well for isolation for staff who reported to work at our office. In fact we only had about 30 percent of our staff having to work from home for only 5 weeks last year. Since our management staff were not traveling last year to Africa we were able to focus on many goals at the home office such as: revising our school curriculum, and beginning the construction of our printing and distribution center. In addition, we were able to focus on our USA outreach in opening the sale of our Bible study and curriculum for schools, homeschoolers and small groups in the US in 2020. Lastly, we did make use of Zoom and Teams for meeting and conferences and our staff became quite adept at using new technologies. Adoption of new technologies was sped up during this time out of necessity.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

...   Culture & Community


This score provides an assessment of the organization's engagement with the constituents it serves, a practice we term Constituent Feedback. When organizations listen to constituents, they are able to better deliver on programs and meet the needs of stakeholders. A future version of this Beacon will also assess an organization's people operations and its Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) metrics.


Culture & Community Score

Not Currently Scored

Rafiki Foundation is currently not eligible for a Culture & Community score because we have not received its Constituent Feedback data. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.


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Culture & Community Report

Unscored

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Constituent Feedback

Constituent Feedback


Constituent Feedback and Listening Practice data are not available for this organization. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile. This data will provide the basis for the initial evaluation of Culture & Community.


Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations that engage in inclusive practices, such as collecting feedback from the people and communities they serve, may be more effective. We award every nonprofit that completes the Candid survey full credit for this Beacon, in recognition of their willingness to publicly share this information with the nonprofit and philanthropic communities. Although the data is not evaluated for quality at this time, future iterations of this Beacon will include third party or other data that will serve to validate the information provided by the nonprofit.

Analysis and Research


Like the overall Encompass Rating System, the Culture & Community Beacon is designed to evolve as metrics are developed and ready for integration. Our partnership with Feedback Labs and Guidestar by Candid, and other partners including Fund for Shared Insight, GlobalGiving, and Keystone Accountability, enables us to launch the first version of this beacon with Constituent Feedback information collected on Candid's site.


Feedback practices have been shown to support better Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion outcomes, an essential area of assessment that we intend to further expand and develop in the future. Feedback Labs has documented several studies which indicate that beyond achieving organizational goals, nonprofits that are attentive and responsive to concerns and ideas raised by beneficiaries establish stronger relationships with the people they serve, promote greater equity, and empower constituents in ways that can help to ensure better long-term outcomes. You can find resources to help nonprofits improve their feedback practices here.

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