Mission: Homeboy Industries assists at-risk and formerly gang-involved youth to become positive and contributing members of society through job placement, training and educat ... (More)

Homeboy Industries is a 501(c)(3) organization, with an IRS ruling year of 2001, and donations are tax-deductible.

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Contact Information

  http://www.homeboyindustries.org/

  130 West Bruno Street
Los Angeles CA 90012 

  323-526-1254


 Important note on the timeliness of ratings

The IRS is significantly delayed in processing nonprofits' annual tax filings (Forms 990). As a result, the Financial and Accountability & Transparency score for Homeboy Industries is outdated and the overall rating may not be representative of its current operations. Please check with the charity directly for any questions you may have.

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Star Rating System by Charity Navigator


Charity Navigator evaluates a nonprofit organization’s financial health including measures of stability, efficiency and sustainability. We also track accountability and transparency policies to ensure the good governance and integrity of the organization.




Good

This charity's score is 89.68, earning it a 3-Star rating. Donors can "Give with Confidence" to this charity. 

This score is calculated from two sub-scores:

This score represents Form 990 data from 2019, the latest year published by the IRS. 

View this organization’s historical ratings.


Back to Overall

Star Rated Report

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Program Expense

Program Expense Ratio

77.9%


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three 990s).


This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Administrative Expenses

12.4%


As reported by charities on their IRS Form 990, this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Expenses

9.6%


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Liabilities to Assets Ratio

16.6%


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent 990).


Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.


Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Efficiency

$0.11


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Working Capital Ratio

0.72 years


Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form 990. We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.


Source: IRS Form 990

Program Expense Growth

4.50%


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.


Source: IRS Form 990

Governance


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990 that the organization has these governance practices in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990

Governance:
Independent Voting Board Members  ... (More)
No Material Diversion of Assets ... (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms 990 to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form 990 instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form 990 to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant ... (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form 990 reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
(Less)
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties ... (More)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes ... (More)
Distributes 990 to Board Before Filing ... (More)
Compensates Board ... (More)

Policies


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Policies:
Conflict of Interest  ... (More)
Whistleblower ... (More)
Records Retention and Destruction ... (More)
CEO Compensation Process ... (More)
Donor Privacy ... (More)

Donors can be reluctant to contribute to a charity when their name, address, or other basic information may become part of donor lists that are exchanged or sold, resulting in an influx of charitable solicitations from other organizations. Our analysts check the charity's website to see if the organization has a donor privacy policy in place and what it does and does not cover. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.

(Less)

Transparency


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.


Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Transparency:
CEO Salary Listed on 990 ... (More)
Board of Directors Listed on Website ... (More)
Key Staff Listed on Website ... (More)
Audited Financial Statements on Website ... (More)
Form 990 Available on Website ... (More)

Additional Information

Unscored

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Total Revenue and Expenses

Total Revenue and Expenses

This chart displays the trend of revenue and expenses over the past several years for this organization, as reported on their IRS Form 990.

Salary of Key Persons

Presented here are this organizations key compensated staff members as identified by our analysts. This compensation data includes salary, cash bonuses and expense accounts and is displayed exactly how it is reported to the IRS. The amounts do not include nontaxable benefits, deferred compensation, or other amounts not reported on Form W-2. In some cases, these amounts may include compensation from related organizations. Read the IRS policies for compensation reporting



Gregory Boyle, Executive Director

$81,937 (0.46% of Total Expenses)


Andrew Platt, Information Technology Director

$104,344 (0.58% of Total Expenses)


Arlin Crane, Director of Social Enterprises

$139,457 (0.77% of Total Expenses)


Thomas Vozzo, CEO

$0 (0.00% of Total Expenses)


Francis Hota, CFO

$104,344 (0.58% of Total Expenses)


Current CEO and Board Chair can be found in the Leadership & Adaptability report below.

Source: IRS Form 990 (page 7), filing year 2019

Business Master File Data

Below are some key data points from the Exempt Organization IRS Business Master File (BMF) for this organization. Learn more about the BMF on the IRS website


Activities:

Activity data not reported from the IRS


Foundation Status:

Organization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public   170(b)(1)(A)(vi) (BMF foundation code: 15)


Affiliation:

Independent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations). (BMF affiliation code: 3)

Data Sources: IRS Forms 990

The Form 990 is a document that nonprofit organizations file with the IRS annually. We leverage finance and accountability data from it to form Encompass ratings. Click here to view this organization's Forms 990 on the IRS website (if any are available).

Pandemic Response

Due to the unprecedented nature of the pandemic, we give charities such as this one the opportunity to share the story of COVID's impact on them. Charities may submit their own pandemic responses through their nonprofit portal.


Homeboy Industries reported being impacted by COVID-19 in the following ways:
  • Program Delivery

  • Revenue


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's operations financially:

In 2020, Homeboy’s budgeted revenue was projected to be $21.3 million. With the COVID-19 crisis, we forecasted a $3 million loss in revenue from our social enterprise businesses and a $2 million loss from fundraising—mainly because we had to cancel our largest fundraising event of the year, Lo Maximo, set for April 2020. To make up for these losses, we pursued COVID-19 relief funding through foundation grants, corporate grants, and government sources as they became available, and we stayed connected with our major donors. We also were fortunate to receive $1.7 million from the Paycheck Protection Program. As a result, we had a positive net income in 2020 and ended the year with a strong balance sheet and zero debt.


How COVID-19 impacted the organization's delivery of programs:

Initially, in response to COVID-19 and statewide shelter-in-place restrictions, we transitioned to virtual services for nearly 260 clients in our 18-month reentry program and their families. The move to virtual service delivery and online instruction was challenging for our community because most clients do not have high speed internet nor computers at home, and they mostly rely on cell phone service for their tech needs. To overcome this challenge, Homeboy Industries provided laptops and technology support to our trainees, helping minimize obstacles. Homeboy sustained all but one of our key programs (temporarily ceasing our Tattoo Removal program) and kept 90% of our program participants engaged throughout 2020. In June 2020, as an essential service provider, we reopened our doors practicing safety modifications. We remain adaptable with the ability to meet in-person, by phone, or by video conference as safety restrictions allow.


How this organization adapted to changing conditions caused by COVID-19:

As the COVID-19 pandemic heightened food insecurity, we recognized that our café could be redeployed to feed communities in need. We launched Feed HOPE to provide meals to food insecure citizens of Los Angeles. This new social enterprise is a win-win, providing jobs and meals to those in need.  At a time when unemployment and food insecurity were at the highest levels our community had experienced in decades, Feed HOPE became a critical resource both for people who need jobs, and people who need food.   We also noticed how COVID-19 was widening the digital divide among the population we serve. Families that relied on work, school, libraries, and other public places for computer and internet access are at an increasing disadvantage with regard to working/learning from home, applying for jobs, and more. So, our Homeboy Electronic Recycling team launched Connect HOPE; a 3-pronged program to fast track getting computers into the hands that need them most.


Innovations the organization intends to continue permanently after the pandemic:

While Feed HOPE was started in a crisis, we see this as a social enterprise business that will not only support Angelenos in need now, but also become an ongoing business that will continue well beyond the pandemic. Secondly, we intend to keep pursuing our pandemic-born Connect HOPE project through Homeboy Electronic Recycling. This program has been created to address the digital divide—an issue that will continue to affect the population we serve post-pandemic as well. The pandemic also informed the need of a robust technology operations team. With so many coworkers facing technological issues, and our headquarters needing significant support and modifications, we tripled our technology team from one member to three—both new members being internally promoted and coming from lived experience.


Historical Ratings

Date PublishedForm 990 FYEOverall ScoreOverall Rating
Rating Version: 2.1
10/1/20212019 89.68
6/1/20212018 87.43
6/1/20202018 84.83

This organization received multiple star ratings within this fiscal year, due to an update to its Accountability and Transparency data and/or the receipt of an amended Form 990.

4/1/20192017 81.86
6/1/20182016 79.10
8/1/20172015 83.62
2/1/20172014 80.01
6/1/20162014 76.25
Rating Version: 2.0
8/1/20152013 80.38
4/1/20142012 82.91
4/1/20132011 82.96
3/1/20122010 86.10
9/20/20112009 82.95
Rating Version: 1.0
5/1/20112009 89.49
6/1/20102008 85.46
5/1/20092007 92.70

Previous: Finance & Accountability  / Next: Leadership & Adaptability

...   Impact & Results


This score estimates the actual impact a nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact.


Impact & Results Score

Not Currently Scored

Homeboy Industries cannot currently be evaluated by our Encompass Rating Impact & Results methodology because either (A) it is eligible, but we have not yet received data; (B) we have not yet developed an algorithm to estimate its programmatic impact; (C) its programs are not direct services; or (D) it is not heavily reliant on contributions from individual donors.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.

Learn more about Impact & Results.


Back to Overall

Additional Information

Unscored

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Largest Programs

Largest Programs



Homeboy Industries reported its three largest programs on its FY 2019 Form 990 as:


$4,775,670

Spent in most recent FY

35%

Percent of program expenses


Homeboy Bakery


$4,703,675

Spent in most recent FY

34%

Percent of program expenses


Job Training


$1,878,568

Spent in most recent FY

13%

Percent of program expenses


Workforce Development


Previous: Impact & Results  / Next: Culture & Community

...   Leadership & Adaptability


This score provides an assessment of the organization's leadership capacity, strategic thinking and planning, and ability to innovate or respond to changes in constituent demand/need or other relevant social and economic conditions to achieve the organization's mission.


Leadership & Adaptability Score

100

out of 100

The score earned by Homeboy Industries is a passing score. This score has no effect on the organization's Star Rating.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of the organization's Leadership & Adaptability through the nonprofit organization submitting a survey response directly to Charity Navigator.


Back to Overall

Leadership & Adaptability Report

100

of 100 points

Mission

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s mission


Homeboy Industries provides hope, training, and support to formerly gang-involved and previously incarcerated people, allowing them to redirect their lives and become contributing members of our community.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Vision

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s vision.


Our vision is anchored to our 2030 Ambition to change the way the world views, judges and treats our most marginalized and demonized – the formerly incarcerated and gang involved. We are what we hope the world will become – a community of kinship.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Strategic Goals

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking and goal setting through sharing their most important strategic goals.


Goal One: We strive to serve as many people in our population seeking help and transformation that we can. Our strategic plan outlines a goal of doubling our reach and impact over the next five years.

Goal Type: Grow, expand, scale or increase access to the existing programs and services.


Goal Two: We are committed to a service delivery model that resides in leveraging the talent and skills of people with lived experience as front-line service providers, and will continue to expand these hires

Goal Type: Invest in the capacity of our organization (financial, management, technical, etc.).


Goal Three: As we add services to grow our impact, we are seeking to expand our campus to provide more programming space and housing for our clients, 70% of whom meet the federal definition of homeless.

Goal Type: This goal reflects our commitment to further our advocacy work for our organization and or cause area.


Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Leadership Development

The nonprofit provides evidence of investment in leadership development


Describe an investment in leadership

In partnership with a L.A. based foundation, Homeboy Industries has developed an executive training program for emerging leaders. The second cohort of leaders is receiving individual coaching from executive trainers from RHR International, a global talent development firm. Additionally, the program creates connections between these developing leaders and C-Suite professionals from other industries. These connections are anchored in case discussions on leadership challenges providing the opportunity for robust exchange and mentorship on leadership principles.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Mobilizing for Mission

The nonprofit provides evidence of leadership through focusing externally and mobilizing resources for the mission.


This organization mobilizes for mission in the following ways:
  • Strategic Partnerships

  • Networks of Collective Impact Efforts

  • Thought Leadership

  • Community Building

  • Policy Advocacy

What are this organization’s external mobilizaton efforts?

We are an expert in the field of re-entry services and Alternatives To Incarceration (ATI). We are faced with a significant opportunity to expand our impact now that LA County has adopted a new paradigm that reflects Homeboy’s theory of change that moves towards eliminating jail and starting in a completely different place. Our clients possess the power and expertise needed to transform their communities to advocate for systemic change. We build power in emerging leaders through our Local Organizing Committee (LOC), creating a pathway for participants to advocate for their community. Our LOC connects with key decision makers to share their experiences with the criminal justice system and how conditions can improve to support healthy communities through a “Care First, Jails Last” paradigm. We focus on power-building activities such as civic education workshops on history of voting, the real-life impact of voting, voter registration 101, and ballot review.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Story of Adaptability

The nonprofit has an opportunity to tell the story of how the organization adapted to tremendous external changes in the last year.


The pandemic has emboldened us to provide a greater impact to our community through the ongoing expansion of our 18-month reentry program, the launch of the Homeboy Art Academy, and the launch of the Youth Re-entry Center. As we expand our campus to provide essential healing services, work therapy, and job training to our clients, we continue to aspire to double our service impact over the next five years. This aspiration is connected to our ongoing priority to invest in and develop leaders in our organization with lived experience and central to our theory of change. We are in the process of building an internal training center for our staff, which will align human resource initiatives and social service teams to build best practices and elevate core competencies in the spaces of mental health, housing, and substance abuse. This multi-year initiative will bolster the trauma-informed lens of all practitioners as those with lived experience build expertise in constructing healthy communities. Additionally, we were able to take our annual Global Homeboy Network gathering virtual for 2020 and 2021. This gathering creates space for hundreds of like-minded organizations around the world to collaborate to enhance their change models and advocate for policy change that promotes healing and the formation of therapeutic communities in trauma-informed contexts. 

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Additional Information

Unscored

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Organization Leadership

Organization Leadership


Thomas Vozzo

CEO

Pernille Spiers-Lopez

Chair

Previous: Leadership & Adaptability

...   Culture & Community


This score provides an assessment of the organization's culture and connectedness to the community it serves. Learn more about how and why we rate Culture & Community.


Culture & Community Score

Not Currently Scored

Homeboy Industries is currently not eligible for a Culture & Community score because we have not received its Constituent Feedback or Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion data. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the How We Listen and Equity Practices sections of their Candid profile.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.


Back to Overall

Culture & Community Report

Unscored

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Constituent Feedback

Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion


This organization has not provided information regarding the diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) practices it is presently implementing. As such, the organization has not earned a score on this metric. Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations implementing effective DEI policies and practices can enhance a nonprofit's decision-making, staff motivation, innovation, and effectiveness.


Methodology


We are utilizing data collected by Candid to document and assess the DEI practices implemented by the organization. Nonprofit organizations are encouraged to fill out the Equity Strategies section of their Candid profiles to receive a rating.


Learn more about the methodology.

Constituent Feedback


Constituent Feedback and Listening Practice data are not available for this organization. Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations that engage in inclusive practices, such as collecting feedback from the people and communities they serve, may be more effective.



Methodology


We've partnered with Candid to survey organizations about their feedback practices. Nonprofit organizations can fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile to receive a rating.


Learn more about the methodology.

Analysis and Research


Like the overall Encompass Rating System, the Culture & Community Beacon is designed to evolve as metrics are developed and ready for integration. Below you can find more information about the metrics we currently evaluate in this beacon and their relevance to nonprofit performance.


Constituent Feedback


Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

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