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Human Services : Multipurpose Human Service Organizations

American Red Cross

Helping prevent and alleviate human suffering in the face of emergencies

three stars

89.76

431 18th Street, NW Washington, DC 20006
tel: (800) 733-2767   Web Site
EIN: 53-0196605

Board Leadership
Bonnie McElveen-Hunter
Chairman of the Board

CEO
Gail McGovern
President, CEO

  Score
(out of 100)
Rating
Overall Score & Rating 89.76 three stars
  Financial 85.53 three stars
  Accountability & Transparency 100.00 four stars
This rating was published 05/01/2020 and includes data from FY2019, the most recent 990 received at that time.

Since its founding in 1881 by visionary leader Clara Barton, the American Red Cross has been the nation's premier emergency response organization. We bring shelter, food and comfort to those affected by disasters, large and small. We collect lifesaving donated blood and supply it to patients in need. We provide support to our men and women in military bases around the world, and to the families they leave behind. We train communities in CPR, first aid and other skills that save lives. And we assist our neighbors abroad with critical disaster response, preparedness and disease prevention efforts. We are able to do all this by mobilizing the power of volunteers and the generosity of donors.

Since its founding in 1881 by visionary leader Clara Barton, the American Red Cross has been the nation's premier emergency response organization. We bring shelter, food and comfort to those affected by disasters, large and small. We collect lifesaving donated blood and supply it to patients in need. We provide support to our men and women in military bases around the world, and to the families they leave behind. We train communities in CPR, first aid and other skills that save lives. And we assist our neighbors abroad with critical disaster response, preparedness and disease prevention efforts. We are able to do all this by mobilizing the power of volunteers and the generosity of donors.

Impact & Results Score

Score
100/100
Program Name: Blood Donation
Program Name: Blood Donation

Note: The Impact & Results score currently has no effect on the nonprofit's Star Rating.

The Impact & Results score is a measure of how well a nonprofit delivers on its stated mission. To issue a score, Charity Navigator estimates the actual impact the nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact. Learn more about our Impact & Results methodology here.

Program Activities
The American Red Cross collects blood from donors, which it then distributes to hospitals for blood transfusions.
Impact Statement
$670 provides an additional year of healthy life to a blood transfusion patient.
Assessment Benchmark
Impact & Results scores of blood donation programs are based on the cost of a disability-adjusted life year (DALY) averted relative to the G.D.P. per capita of the country in which the program operates. Programs receive an Impact & Results score of 100 if they avert a DALY for less than than the G.D.P. per capita, and a score of 75 if they avert a DALY for less than three times G.D.P. per capita. If a nonprofit reports impact but doesn't meet the threshold for cost-effectiveness, it earns a score of 50.
Methodology
ImpactMatters analyzed publicly available data to rate the cost-effectiveness of American Red Cross.
Data Source
Output data collected during the program. American Red Cross publicly reports the amount of blood it collects.
Method for Attributing Outcomes
We assume a counterfactual of 0. In the U.S., there is very little blood that expires before use. This suggests that the system if functioning close to or at capacity. Additionally, the American Red Cross is responsible for a large percent of the national blood supply. This means that if it were to shut down, there would be a massive disruption to the blood transfusion ecosystem.
Details
Analysis conducted by ImpactMatters and published in August, 2020.
This impact information is current as of September 2020, when it was provided to us by ImpactMatters. At this time, Impact information published on this organization's page has no effect on its rating per our methodology.

Financial

three stars

85.53

Accountability & Transparency

four stars

100.00

This rating was published 05/01/2020 and includes data from FY2019, the most recent 990 received at that time.
Overall Rating Chart
  Program Expenses
(Percent of the charity's total expenses spent on the programs
and services it delivers)
89.8%
  Administrative Expenses 3.7%
  Fundraising Expenses 6.3%
  Fundraising Efficiency $0.18
  Working Capital Ratio (years) 0.19
  Program Expenses Growth 3.5%
  Liabilities to Assets 52.7%
All data for Financial Performance Metrics calculations was provided by American Red Cross on recent 990s filed with the IRS.
All data for Financial Performance Metrics calculations was provided by American Red Cross on recent 990s filed with the IRS.

Constituent Voice

Charity Navigator believes collecting feedback from the people an organization serves can make it more effective. That is why we're partnering with GuideStar by Candid to share Constituent Voice information with you. Here's how this organization is listening and learning from its constituents:
How is the organization collecting feedback?
SMS text surveys, Electronic surveys (by email, tablet, etc), Paper surveys, Case management notes, Constituent (client or resident, etc) advisory committees, Suggestion box/email
How is the organization using feedback?
To identify and remedy poor client service experiences, To identify bright spots and enhance positive service experiences, To make fundamental changes to our programs and/or operations, To inform the development of new programs/projects, To identify where we are less inclusive or equitable across demographic groups, To strengthen relationships with the people we serve
With whom is the organization sharing feedback?
The people we serve, Our staff, Our board, Our funders, Our community partners
What challenges does the organization face when collecting feedback?
We don't have any major challenges to collecting feedback
Describe a recent change in your organization that resulted from feedback.
Early on in COVID-19 we received important feedback around safety Recently during the Black Lives Matter movement we garnered helpful feedback from employees, volunteers and partners that will improve our ongoing diversity measures
This Constituent Voice information is provided to us by Candid. At this time, Constituent Voice information published on this organization's page has no effect on its rating per our methodology.

Highly Rated

Charity Name & State Overall Score Overall Rating
American Red Cross (DC) 89.76 three stars
Convoy of Hope (MO) 95.47 four stars
New York Cares (NY) 89.98 three stars
Habitat for Humanity International (GA) 86.18 three stars
WhyHunger (NY) 94.35 four stars

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REVENUE  
Contributions  
   Contributions, Gifts & Grants $714,871,576
   Federated Campaigns $41,539,557
   Membership Dues $0
   Fundraising Events $18,611,562
   Related Organizations $0
   Government Grants $42,343,064
Total Contributions $817,365,759
   Program Service Revenue $1,883,680,966
Total Primary Revenue $2,701,046,725
   Other Revenue $112,408,210
TOTAL REVENUE $2,813,454,935
   
EXPENSES  
   Program Expenses $2,656,613,224
   Administrative Expenses $103,527,757
   Fundraising Expenses $177,040,894
TOTAL FUNCTIONAL EXPENSES $2,937,181,875
   
Payments to Affiliates $0
Excess (or Deficit) for the year $-123,726,940
   
Net Assets $1,442,164,360

Program names and associated costs are listed for the top programs as reported on the charity's most recently filed Form 990. The top programs displayed will include the largest three programs, or those programs covering at least 60% of the charity's total expenses, whichever comes first.

Program Name Amount Spent % of Program Expenses
Biomedical Services $1,740,714,613 65.5%
Domestic Disaster Services $629,883,386 23.7%
Training Services $144,066,392 5.4%

Ratings History

Form 990 FYE Date Published Overall Score Overall Rating
CN 2.1
2019-06 05/01/2020 89.76 three stars
2018-06 04/01/2019 88.71 three stars
2017-06 02/01/2018 84.09 three stars
2016-06 12/22/2017 78.78 two stars
2015-06 10/01/2016 83.33 three stars
2014-06 06/01/2016 85.01 three stars
 
CN 2.0
2014-06 09/01/2015 80.98 three stars
2014-06 05/01/2015 80.05 three stars
2013-06 07/01/2014 85.25 three stars
2012-06 09/01/2013 86.46 three stars
2011-06 06/01/2012 89.64 three stars
2010-06 09/20/2011 92.24 four stars
 
CN 1.0
2010-06 06/01/2011 86.86 three stars
2009-06 06/01/2010 85.48 three stars
2008-06 09/01/2009 84.62 three stars
2007-06 12/01/2008 79.62 two stars
2006-06 11/01/2007 99.40 four stars
2005-06 10/01/2006 95.37 four stars
2004-06 08/01/2005 90.36 four stars
2003-06 08/01/2004 94.11 four stars

The data displayed on this tab is provided by the IRS in the form of Publication 78 and the Business Master File (BMF).

EIN 53-0196605
Name in IRS Master File AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS
NTEE Code P21
NTEE Classification American Red Cross
NTEE Type Human Services - Multipurpose and Other
Classification Charitable Organization
Subsection 501(c)(3)  (View the list of codes)
Activities (902) Emergency or disaster aid fund
(561) Gifts or grants to individuals (other than scholarships)
Foundation Status Organization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public   170(b)(1)(A)(vi)
Deductibility Contributions are deductible
Affiliation Central - the organization is a central type organization (no group exemption) of a National, Regional or Geographic grouping of organizations.
Group Name [Not Applicable]
Ruling Date December, 1938
Filing Requirement 990 (all other) or 990EZ return
Fiscal Year End June
IRS Forms 990
(provided courtesy of Foundation Center)
(Log In or Register Now to View Forms 990!)
  • June, 2018
  • June, 2017
  • June, 2016
  • June, 2015
  • June, 2014
Compensation % of Expenses Paid to Title
$696,533 0.02% Gail McGovern President & CEO

Highly Rated

Charity Name & State Overall Score Overall Rating
American Red Cross (DC) 89.76 three stars
Christian Relief Services Charities (VA) 90.78 four stars
SBP (LA) 100.00 four stars
Lions Clubs International Foundation (IL) 90.17 four stars
Delivering Good (NY) 94.69 four stars

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Constituent Voice

This organization is sharing information on how they communicate with stakeholders to better inform your giving.

Charity Contact Info

American Red Cross
431 18th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
tel: (800) 733-2767
TTY: (800) 220-4095
EIN: 53-0196605

Mail donations to:
P.O. Box 37839
Boone, IA 50037

Visit Web Site

Board Leadership

Bonnie McElveen-Hunter
Chairman of the Board

CEO

Gail McGovern
President, CEO

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