Mission: The American Nurses Foundation was founded in 1955 as the research, education, and charitable affiliate of ANA. Since then, it has fought tirelessly to advance the n ... (More)

American Nurses Foundation is a 501(c)(3) organization, with an IRS ruling year of 1956, and donations are tax-deductible.

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Contact Information


 8515 Georgia Avenue
Suite 400
Silver Spring MD 20910 


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Star Rating System by Charity Navigator

Charity Navigator evaluates a nonprofit organization’s financial health including measures of stability, efficiency and sustainability. We also track accountability and transparency policies to ensure the good governance and integrity of the organization.


This charity's score is 84.77, earning it a 3-Star rating. Donors can "Give with Confidence" to this charity. 

This score is calculated from two sub-scores:

This score represents Form 990 data from 2019, the latest year published by the IRS.

View this organization’s historical ratings.

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Star Rated Report

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Program Expense

Program Expense Ratio


The Program Expense Ratio is determined by Program Expenses divided by Total Expense (average of most recent three 990s).

This measure reflects the percent of its total expenses a charity spends on the programs and services it exists to deliver. Dividing a charity's average program expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form 990

Administrative Expenses


As reported by charities on their IRS Form 990, this measure reflects what percent of its total budget a charity spends on overhead, administrative staff and associated costs, and organizational meetings. Dividing a charity's average administrative expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Expenses


This measure reflects what a charity spends to raise money. Fundraising expenses can include campaign printing, publicity, mailing, and staffing and costs incurred in soliciting donations, memberships, and grants. Dividing a charity's average fundraising expenses by its average total functional expenses yields this percentage. We calculate the charity's average expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form 990

Liabilities to Assets Ratio


The Liabilities to Assets Ratio is determined by Total Liabilities divided by Total Assets (most recent 990).

Part of our goal in rating the financial performance of charities is to help donors assess the financial capacity and sustainability of a charity. As do organizations in other sectors, charities must be mindful of their management of total liabilites in relation to their total assets. This ratio is an indicator of an organization’s solvency and or long term sustainability. Dividing a charity's total liabilities by its total assets yields this percentage.

Source: IRS Form 990

Fundraising Efficiency


The amount spent to raise $1 in charitable contributions. To calculate a charity's fundraising efficiency, we divide its average fundraising expenses by the average total contributions it receives. We calculate the charity's average expenses and average contributions over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form 990

Working Capital Ratio

1.82 years

Determines how long a charity could sustain its level of spending using its net available assets, or working capital, as reported on its most recently filed Form 990. We include in a charity's working capital unrestricted and temporarily restricted net assets, and exclude permanently restricted net assets. Dividing these net available assets in the most recent year by a charity's average total expenses, yields the working capital ratio. We calculate the charity's average total expenses over its three most recent fiscal years.

Source: IRS Form 990

Program Expense Growth


We compute the average annual growth of program expenses using the following formula: [(Yn/Y0)(1/n)]-1, where Y0 is a charity's program expenses in the first year of the interval analyzed, Yn is the charity's program expenses in the most recent year, and n is the interval of years passed between Y0 and Yn.

Source: IRS Form 990


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990 that the organization has these governance practices in place.

Sources Include: IRS Form 990

Independent Voting Board Members  ... (More)
No Material Diversion of Assets ... (More)

A diversion of assets – any unauthorized conversion or use of the organization's assets other than for the organization's authorized purposes, including but not limited to embezzlement or theft – can seriously call into question a charity's financial integrity. We check the charity's last two Forms 990 to see if the charity has reported any diversion of assets. If the charity does report a diversion, then we check to see if it complied with the Form 990 instructions by describing what happened and its corrective action. This metric will be assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Full Credit: There has been no diversion of assets within the last two years.

  • Partial Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity has used Schedule O on the Form 990 to explain: the nature of the diversion, the amount of money or property involved and the corrective action taken to address the matter. In this situation, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: There has been a diversion of assets within the last two years and the charity's explanation on Schedule O is either non-existent or not sufficient. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
Audited Financials Prepared by Independent Accountant ... (More)

Audited financial statements provide important information about financial accountability and accuracy. They should be prepared by an independent accountant with oversight from an audit committee. (It is not necessary that the audit committee be a separate committee. Often at smaller charities, it falls within the responsibilities of the finance committee or the executive committee.) The committee provides an important oversight layer between the management of the organization, which is responsible for the financial information reported, and the independent accountant, who reviews the financials and issues an opinion based on its findings. We check the charity's Form 990 reporting to see if it meets this criteria.

  • Full Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant with an audit oversight committee.

  • Partial Credit: The charity's audited financials were prepared by an independent accountant, but it did not have an audit oversight committee. In this case, we deduct 7 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
  • No Credit: The charity did not have its audited financials prepared by an independent accountant. In this case, we deduct 15 points from the charity's Accountability and Transparency score.
Does Not Provide Loan(s) to or Receive Loan(s) From Related Parties ... (More)
Documents Board Meeting Minutes ... (More)
Distributes 990 to Board Before Filing ... (More)
Compensates Board ... (More)


Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization has these policies in place.

Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

Conflict of Interest  ... (More)
Whistleblower ... (More)
Records Retention and Destruction ... (More)
CEO Compensation Process ... (More)
Donor Privacy ... (More)

Donors have expressed extreme concern about the use of their personal information by charities and the desire to have this information kept confidential. The exchanging and sale of lists for telemarketing and the mass distribution of "junk mail," among other things, can be minimized if the charity assures the privacy of its donors. Privacy policies are assigned to one of the following categories:

  • Yes: This charity has a written donor privacy policy published on its website, which states unambiguously that (1) it will not share or sell a donor's personal information with anyone else, nor send donor mailings on behalf of other organizations or (2) it will only share or sell personal information once the donor has given the charity specific permission to do so.

  • Opt-out: The charity has a written privacy policy published on its website which enables donors to tell the charity to remove their names and contact information from lists the charity shares or sells. How a donor can have themselves removed from a list differs from one charity to the next, but any and all opt-out policies require donors to take specific action to protect their privacy.
  • No: This charity either does not have a written donor privacy policy in place to protect their contributors' personal information, or the existing policy does not meet our criteria.

The privacy policy must be specific to donor information. A general website policy which references "visitor" or "user" personal information will not suffice. A policy that refers to donor information collected on the website is also not sufficient as the policy must be comprehensive and applicable to both online and offline donors. The existence of a privacy policy of any type does not prohibit the charity itself from contacting the donor for informational, educational, or solicitation purposes.



Charity Navigator looks to confirm on the Form 990, or for some metrics on the charity's website, that the organization makes this information easily accessible.

Sources Include: IRS Form 990 and organization's website

CEO Salary Listed on 990 ... (More)
Board of Directors Listed on Website ... (More)
Key Staff Listed on Website ... (More)
Audited Financial Statements on Website ... (More)
Form 990 Available on Website ... (More)

Additional Information


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Total Revenue and Expenses

Total Revenue and Expenses

This chart displays the trend of revenue and expenses over the past several years for this organization, as reported on their IRS Form 990.

Salary of Key Persons

Presented here are this organizations key compensated staff members as identified by our analysts. This compensation data includes salary, cash bonuses and expense accounts and is displayed exactly how it is reported to the IRS. The amounts do not include nontaxable benefits, deferred compensation, or other amounts not reported on W-2. In some cases, these amounts may include compensation from related organizations. Read the IRS policies for compensation reporting

Loressa Cole, CEO

$0 (0.00% of Total Expenses)

Plus $369,972 of Compensation from Affliates

Source: IRS Form 990 (page 7), filing year 2019

Business Master File Data

Below are some key data points from the Exempt Organization IRS Business Master File (BMF) for this organization. Learn more about the BMF on the IRS website


Scientific research (diseases) (BMF activity code: 161)

Contact or sponsored scientific research for industry (BMF activity code: 180)

Other school related activities (BMF activity code: 059)

Foundation Status:

Organization that normally receives no more than one-third of its support from gross investment income and unrelated business income and at the same time more than one-third of its support from contributions, fees, and gross receipts related to exempt purposes.  509(a)(2) (BMF foundation code: 16)


Independent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations). (BMF affiliation code: 3)

Data Sources: IRS Forms 990

The Form 990 is a document that nonprofit organizations file with the IRS annually. We leverage finance and accountability data from it to form Encompass ratings. Click here to view this organization's Forms 990 on the IRS website (if any are available).

Pandemic Response

Due to the unprecedented nature of the pandemic, we give charities such as this one the opportunity to share the story of COVID's impact on them. Charities may submit their own pandemic responses through their nonprofit portal.

American Nurses Foundation reported being impacted by COVID-19 in the following ways:
  • Program Delivery

  • Staffing

  • Administrative Capacity

  • Grants Sent

How COVID-19 impacted the organization's operations financially:

The Foundation created the Coronavirus Response Fund for Nurses (CRFN) as a program to support front-line nurses who are combatting the pandemic. The Response fund received a significant amount of support from individuals and private sector donors. Over $16 million has been raised for the CRFN to-date, which significantly impacts the Foundation. The support has allowed the Foundation to grant out millions in direct financial assistance to nurses. The Foundation has also been able to conduct wide-reaching surveys of nurses to keep the programs informed and useful to the nurses it was designed for. It has also created a future challenge in terms of adequately balancing the budget in future fiscal years to account for the sudden revenue increase.

How COVID-19 impacted the organization's delivery of programs:

The Foundation suspended its Nursing Research Grant program in 2020, the longest running program for the Foundation. It was not prudent to run the program in 2020 with academic institutions being closed and current researchers unable to continue their work. The Foundation is resuming the program this year, modifying it by providing less grants at larger amounts. COVID-19 led to the creation of The Coronavirus Response Fund for Nurses. The program received millions in support via grants, corporate, and Foundation giving. Its provided direct financial assistance to nurses, a database of the latest scientific information for nurses to use and engage with, advocacy efforts on behalf of nurses with the U.S. Government, and a slate of mental health resources to combat the challenges front-line nurses were facing. All those resources were successfully disseminated remotely, with thousands of nurses receiving financial assistance and hundreds of thousands engaging in the additional benefits.

How this organization adapted to changing conditions caused by COVID-19:

The organization switched to a fully remote working environment in March of 2020. That was followed by a voluntary in-office period over the summer and evolved to our current model which is a hybrid of remote work and in-office. Throughout this period the Foundation maintained constant communication both internally, as well as within other teams of the organization and external stakeholders’, partners, and donors. Zoom and Microsoft Teams applications were utilized to have video meetings, assign deliverables, track work, and communicate across the organization. During the pandemic the Foundation also hired a full-time, remotely located grant writer. Due to the increased workload because of the pandemic, nine full-time staff members were successfully hired and onboarded remotely over the past year. The overall size of the Foundation’s staff has tripled as a result which has enabled the organization to effectively manage its growing list of programs.

Innovations the organization intends to continue permanently after the pandemic:

An example of a permanent change is the Foundation's work model. The ‘hybrid’ model is a combination of in-office and remote work. Almost all Foundation staff now work in-office twice a week and remote for three days. This allows staff to prioritize meetings and face-to-face interactions during the in-office days, and more focused, long-term work on the remote days. This model has already proven to increase and enhance intra-team communication. The Foundation’s Nursing Research Grants program has granted out over $5 million in funding to over 1,100 nurses since 1955. The program was paused in 2020 due to the pandemic, and it resumes this year in a new iteration that endeavors to be a permanent change. Going forward the Foundation will issue a targeted call for research on specific topics relevant to nurses. The program will provide fewer grants but with larger amounts. This targeted approach is designed to increase the impact and scope of the research projects the grants will fund.

Historical Ratings

Date PublishedForm 990 FYEOverall ScoreOverall Rating
Rating Version: 2.1
11/1/20212019 85.58
10/1/20212019 84.77

This organization received multiple star ratings within this fiscal year, due to an update to it's Accountability and Transparency data and/or the receipt of an amended Form 990.

10/1/20202018 90.66
9/1/20202018 87.05

...   Impact & Results

This score estimates the actual impact a nonprofit has on the lives of those it serves, and determines whether it is making good use of donor resources to achieve that impact.

Impact & Results Score

Not Currently Scored

American Nurses Foundation cannot currently be evaluated by our Encompass Rating Impact & Results methodology because either (A) it is eligible, but we have not yet received data; (B) we have not yet developed an algorithm to estimate its programmatic impact; (C) its programs are not direct services; or (D) it is not heavily reliant on contributions from individual donors.

Note: The absence of a score does not indicate a positive or negative assessment, it only indicates that we have not yet evaluated the organization.

Learn more about Impact & Results.

Do you work at American Nurses Foundation? Join the waitlist for an updated Impact & Results score.

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Additional Information


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Largest Programs

Largest Programs

American Nurses Foundation reported its two largest programs on its FY 2019 Form 990 as:


Spent in most recent FY


Percent of program expenses



Spent in most recent FY


Percent of program expenses


...   Leadership & Adaptability

This score provides an assessment of the organization's leadership capacity, strategic thinking and planning, and ability to innovate or respond to changes in constituent demand/need or other relevant social and economic conditions to achieve the organization's mission.

Leadership & Adaptability Score


out of 100

The score earned by American Nurses Foundation is a passing score.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of the organization's Leadership & Adaptability through the nonprofit organization submitting a survey response directly to Charity Navigator.

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Leadership & Adaptability Report


of 100 points


The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s mission

American Nurses Foundation was founded in 1955 as the charitable affiliate of the American Nurses Association, and ever since has tirelessly endeavored to advance the nursing profession to benefit patients and the whole healthcare system. The Foundation invests in all aspects of nursing through initiatives that empower nurses to transform healthcare and improve lives. We raise funds, develop programs, and administer grants to support advances in research, education, and clinical practice that enhance nurses’ health and improve patient care. With gifts and grants from generous donors, we promote the well-being and success of individual nurses while championing the nursing cause throughout the healthcare system.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses


The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking through articulating the organization’s vision.

American Nurses Foundation’s vision is to achieve a healthy world through the power of nursing. America’s 4.2 million nurses comprise the largest body of healthcare professionals and they are ideally positioned to be the best role models, educators, and advocates of health, safety, and wellness. With the future of healthcare changing so dramatically, and the economy and community recovery requiring a strong healthcare system, nurses can revolutionize the approach to care. Our focus is to develop tools, information, and support structures to enable nurses to achieve their potential and have the greatest impact on the public’s health. Our programs strive to elevate the image of nurses and the improve their overall health; ensure that nurses can practice to the full extent of their training; strengthen nurses’ leadership skills to serve as full partners in healthcare decision-making and improvement; and generate new knowledge and policy through nurses’ scholarly research and practice.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Strategic Goals

The nonprofit organization presents evidence of strategic thinking and goal setting through sharing their most important strategic goals.

Goal One: aims to transform nursing by preparing and supporting nurses to practice in new settings and in new ways to achieve better patient and community health results.

Goal Type: New program(s) based on observed changes in needs among our constituencies/communities served.

Goal Two: Re-orient our Nursing Research Grant program, to focus more strategically on topics that are essential at this time, and shift from small to larger grants for greater research impact.

Goal Type: Focus on core programs to achieve mission and scale back on programs not seen as core.

Goal Three: Integrate our Well-Being Initiative and Healthy Nurse, Healthy Nation programs – focused on improving nurses’ mental and physical well-being, respectively – for holistic engagement and greater impact.

Goal Type: Focus on core programs to achieve mission and scale back on programs not seen as core.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Leadership Development

The nonprofit provides evidence of investment in leadership development

Describe an investment in leadership

The Foundation invests in leadership development across a wide range of issues, including opportunities for all staff. Examples include a board member completing Northwestern University’s 'Leading with Equity' program along with our Executive Director (ED). Our ED attended a 3-day 'Whites Confronting Racism' in 2020 provided by the non-profit of the same name. Our board has engaged in Justice, Equity, Diversity and Inclusion training provided by Courage to Care that will continue into 2022. The entire staff completed Unconscious Bias training provided by ANA in 2020 and discuss DE&I topics in team meetings. Every staff member does a DiSC assessment, is a member of both ASAE and PEAK, and is encouraged to engage in trainings and benefits they offer. Foundation staff are engaged in comprehensive training on non-profit grantmaking, featuring sessions on Values-Based Grantmaking, Risk in Philanthropy, and Legal, Regulatory, and Ethical Issues in Grantmaking.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Mobilizing for Mission

The nonprofit provides evidence of leadership through focusing externally and mobilizing resources for the mission.

This organization mobilizes for mission in the following ways:
  • Strategic Partnerships

  • Networks of Collective Impact Efforts

  • Thought Leadership

  • Raising Awareness

What are this organization’s external mobilizaton efforts?

We collaborate extensively with associations, nonprofits and corporations to advance our mission. With American Nurses Assn (ANA), American Assn of Critical Care Nurses, American Psychiatric Nurses Assn, Emergency Nurses Assn, and AORN, the American Nurses Foundation launched the Well-Being Initiative to offer self-care resources for nurses as they care for others. We partner with ASHP Foundation to award a Collaborative Care Grant for nurse-pharmacist interprofessional health services research. With support from specialty nursing associations and corporations, we’ve granted $5 million+ in research funding to over 1,200 nurses. The Foundation, ANA, and the American Academy of Nursing support the National Academy of Medicine’s Distinguished Nurse Scholar-In-Residence program, providing fellows with a yearlong immersion experience in developing federal health policy. As a leader of the Nurses on Boards Coalition, we drove the appointment of 10,000 nurses to board positions in 5 years.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

Story of Adaptability

The nonprofit has an opportunity to tell the story of how the organization adapted to tremendous external changes in the last year.

American Nurses Foundation experienced tremendous growth in the past year, while also navigating changes brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic. We launched the Coronavirus Response Fund for Nurses in April 2020, designed to give immediate relief to frontline nurses experiencing life-threatening challenges in the pandemic, and in anticipation of long-term impacts. Based on nurses’ responses to our on-going survey series, our data informed COVID response planning across federal agencies (CDC, FDA, FEMA, GAO). We provided millions in direct financial assistance to nurses, advocated on their behalf with the US government, educated them with the latest scientific information on pandemic care, and launched the Well-Being Initiative, a slate of invaluable mental health resources and services for nurses. These free resources have continued to expand based on evolving needs, to include mood-boosting apps, confidential phone consultations with licensed professionals, a narrative expressive writing program, a podcast series on mental health and wellness, and free and discounted therapy services, among others. While our program team refined and enhanced offerings over the past year, the development staff grew our funds from $2 million to $17.7 million through strategic campaigns, grant writing, and soliciting institutional donors. The staff has accomplished all this while working remotely since March 2020. Working from home, the Foundation also established new partnerships, created new webpages, and produced two donor newsletters and countless updates, two successful board meetings, a virtual conference for our corporate advisory board, virtual team meetings, and an annual impact report. To build the capacity required to successfully operate the expansive programs, the staff grew from 3 to 12 employees, recruited, hired, and successfully onboarded in the last year, enabling the Foundation to continue to produce crucial results for the nurses we serve.

Source: Nonprofit submitted responses

...   Culture & Community

This score provides an assessment of the organization's engagement with the constituents it serves, a practice we term Constituent Feedback. When organizations listen to constituents, they are able to better deliver on programs and meet the needs of stakeholders. A future version of this Beacon will also assess an organization's people operations and its Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) metrics.

Culture & Community Score


out of 100

The score earned by American Nurses Foundation is a passing score.

Encompass Rating V4 provides an evaluation of an organization's Culture and Community by measuring its Constituent Feedback practices (see report below). Constituent Feedback data provides 100% of the basis for the initial evaluation of the Culture & Community Beacon.

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Culture & Community Report


of 100 points

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Constituent Feedback

Constituent Feedback

Full Credit

This organization reported that it is collecting feedback.

Here's how this organization is listening and learning from the people they serve:

How is your organization collecting feedback from the people you serve?

Electronic surveys (by email, tablet, etc.), Focus groups or interviews (by phone or in person), Community meetings or town halls, Constituent (client or resident, etc.) advisory committees, Suggestion box/email

How is your organization using feedback from the people you serve?

To identify and remedy poor client service experiences, To identify bright spots and enhance positive service experiences, To inform the development of new programs/projects, To identify where we are less inclusive or equitable across demographic groups, To strengthen relationships with the people we serve

With whom does your organization share the feedback you got from the people you serve?

Our staff, Our board, Our funders, Our community partners

What challenges does your organization face in collecting feedback from the people you serve?

It is difficult to find the ongoing funding to support feedback collection, It is difficult to identify actionable feedback, Other means

Briefly describe a recent change that your organization made in response to feedback from the people you serve.

The Foundation's largest existing program is the Coronavirus Response Fund for Nurses. Created in Spring of 2020 and still providing resources to nurses today, it has evolved to meet the current needs of nurses since its inception. That evolution is based on survey feedback from nearly 200,000 front-line nurses who shared their most pressing work challenges and offered solutions. An initial focus of the fund was providing direct financial assistance grants to nurses who had been laid off, furloughed, or lost work by testing positive for COVID-19. Based on more recent feedback we have transitioned the focus to mental health and well-being resources including therapeutic resources, toll-free support lines, creative writing programs and mobile apps to reduce stress.


Charity Navigator believes nonprofit organizations that engage in inclusive practices, such as collecting feedback from the people and communities they serve, may be more effective. We've partnered with GuideStar by Candid to survey organizations about their feedback practices. Nonprofit organizations can fill out the How We Listen section of their Candid profile to receive a rating.

Charity Navigator awards full credit for this Beacon to every nonprofit that is eligible for an Encompass Rating that completes the survey, in recognition of their willingness to publicly share this information with the nonprofit and philanthropic communities. This data is not evaluated for quality at this time. Validation will be added in future iterations of this Beacon.

Analysis and Research

Like the overall Encompass Rating System, the Culture & Community Beacon is designed to evolve as metrics are developed and ready for integration. Our partnership with Feedback Labs and Guidestar by Candid, and other partners including Fund for Shared Insight, GlobalGiving, and Keystone Accountability, enables us to launch the first version of this beacon with Constituent Feedback information collected on Candid's site.

Feedback practices have been shown to support better Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion outcomes, an essential area of assessment that we intend to further expand and develop in the future. Feedback Labs has documented several studies which indicate that beyond achieving organizational goals, nonprofits that are attentive and responsive to concerns and ideas raised by beneficiaries establish stronger relationships with the people they serve, promote greater equity, and empower constituents in ways that can help to ensure better long-term outcomes. You can find resources to help nonprofits improve their feedback practices here.

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