On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake occurred about 10 miles west of Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince.
According to the United Nations, 105,000 homes were destroyed and 208,000 were damaged by the earthquake.
One poll reported that half of American households donated to Haiti relief efforts.
In total, Americans donated more than $1.4 billion which was less than the $1.6 billion donated after the South Asian tsunami and the $3.3 billion given after Hurricane Katrina.
The Inter-American Development Bank estimates that the total cost of the earthquake is between $7.2 billion to $13.2 billion based on a death toll of 200,000 - 250,000.
Within 6 months of the earthquake, only 28,000 of the 1.5 million homeless Haitians had moved into new homes.
Haiti’s government says it will take $12 billion to rebuild the country.
A year after the earthquake, charities report spending just over a third of the $1.4 billion raised. This is similar to how much charities had spent one year after the South Asian tsunami, but less than what charities had spent a year after Katrina (80%).
Two months after the earthquake, an international donor conference in NY generated $2.1 billion in pledges to help Haiti rebuild. As of January 2011, the U. N. say that only 45% of that has been distributed.
An estimated 3 million people were in need of emergency aid as a result of the earthquake.
President Obama donated $200,000 of his Nobel Peace Prize money to the Bush-Clinton Haiti Fund.
A telethon for Haiti raised $66 million. In comparison, the 9/11's "A Tribe to Heroes" raised $150 million and the Hurricane Katrina's "Shelter from the Storm" telethon raised $40 million.
According to a report by the charity Oxfam, nearly 1 million people are still displaced one year after the earthquake. Only 15% of the temporary housing has been built, less than 5% of the 20 million cubic meters of rubble has been cleared and few permanent water and sanitation facilities have been built.
Before the earthquake in Haiti, total giving via texting stood at just $1 million. But in just a few months after the earthquake, donors had given more than $50 million via texting to support Haiti relief efforts.
About 40 countries (including the U.S.) and international institutions have pledged $5.27 billion, over the next 2 years, for Haiti's reconstruction.
The unemployment rate in Haiti is around 70-80%.
Former Presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton collected over $36 million from US citizens and businesses.
The World Bank says that Haiti has more aid groups per capita than any nation, perhaps as many as 10,000.
The Haiti telethon’s first round of funding, totaling $35 million, was distributed as follows: $8 million to Oxfam America, $8 million to Partners in Health, $6 million to American Red Cross, $6 million to UNICEF, $6 million to United Nations World Food Program, $1 million to Yele Haiti Foundation.
According to Handicap International, 2,000 – 4,000 people require new limbs as a result of buildings collapsing on them during the earthquake.
Charity Navigator users gave 360% more through our site in January 2010, when the earthquake hit Haiti, than January 2009.
A cholera outbreak that began in October 2010 has killed more than 3,400 people.
In the first four months after the earthquake, the pace of donations to Haiti was similar to that after the Asian tsunami, but below the pace of giving in the wake of 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina.